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phyzguy
phyzguy is offline
#4
Jul2-11, 07:17 AM
P: 2,070

abundance of hydrogen in Sun


The 26% He by weight is more representative of the composition of the sun at the time of formation. The sun has been burning H to He for 4.5 billion years, so according to the standard solar model, the interior of the sun is now over 60% He. To calculate the atomic ratio, you would need to integrate over the whole volume - I don't know the answer, but I'm sure it is more than 26% He by weight when averaged over the whole sun. Here are a couple of references with Figure 2 in the first reference showing the mass fraction as a function of radius, and Table 1 in the second reference giving the He mass fraction in the core at >60%.

http://www.pha.jhu.edu/~france/PAPERS/solmodel.pdf

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0204331