
#55
Jul2907, 08:33 PM

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#56
Jul2907, 08:34 PM

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#57
Jul2907, 08:37 PM

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I think maybe his Godel number function is the "mapping" I am referring to. I thought it was a generic mathematics technique. 



#58
Jul2907, 08:37 PM

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* Any theory containing Peano arithmetic is strong enough. 



#59
Jul2907, 08:39 PM

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#60
Jul2907, 08:45 PM

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Godel encoding was used by Godel as follows: "Gödel used a system of Gödel numbering based on prime factorization. He first assigned a unique natural number to each basic symbol in the formal language of arithmetic he was dealing with."
Can I assign each natural number from the Peano system to the counting systems' statements which we have been talking about here? I want each step of the counting algorithm output to be assigned the associated natural number. (sorry human language is making it difficult to be formal and to keep all my terms in proper context. Obviously, there is no existing association when I said "associated natural number" but you know what I mean...) 



#61
Jul2907, 08:56 PM

P: 120

If each system "creates" a "number line"... and, each "number line" has the same form, then I want to equate the two systems on that basis. 



#62
Jul2907, 09:00 PM

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"1 is in N" "1 is in N and 7 is in N" "(1 is in N and 7 is in N) or 6 is not in N" You can certainly give a Godel numbering to your counting system's statements, but I don't understand to what end you are doing that. Also, do you mean statements or just theorems? Are you including false ones like "1 is not in N"? Also, what algorithm do you mean? 



#63
Jul2907, 09:06 PM

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1. Each system creates a number line. 1a. Your counting scheme creates a number line. 1b. Peano arithmetic creates a number line. 2. The Peano number line has the same form as your counting scheme's number line. 3. If two number lines have the same form, they are equivalent in some sense. What's a number line? That is, what properties does something need before you'll call it that? Surely any sensible definition will make 1b true, but some could make 1a false. What do you mean when you say "form"? I would think this means the two share certain properties, but which? In what sense do you want to equate the systems? Usually this would mean that systems which fit certain properties can prove a certain collection of facts about their members, but which? 



#64
Jul2907, 09:21 PM

P: 120

I do not know what a number line is nor "WHEN" it gets created in relation to either system. That is why I asked about what "comes first" in Peano: the number line that we all were taught as kids or the axioms. Also, I casually referred to Peano in terms of whether or not he was biased by the notion of "number line." Maybe for fun we could talk about a "counting line" since each system can at least produce or use one. Whenever I talk of number line I am refering to that "form" which has become so damn intuitive that I can't prevent it from affecting my thinking about math in general. My hope is that I can find a simple way to prevent the millions of people who know of the "prime" numbers from attributing the notion of "prime" to the "place in the form in which that number happens to reside." (note: in my interpretation, a number can not reside anywhere until you have defined a way to talk about that number in terms of where you stopped on the counting line in order to "arrive" there. 



#65
Jul2907, 09:34 PM

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#66
Jul2907, 09:53 PM

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Here is something that I wrote which might give you insight into the madness going on in my head. :)
Everyone has some understanding of the number line. I do not know if people just simply remember what they have been taught in grade school or if they intuitively have this uncanny understanding of the number line. Somewhere in between we humans know how to count using the number line. My question is about counting. Can you count without knowing numbers? If I ask you to count to 100 you can easily do this. What if I tell you to do the same thing again but do not use the base 10 decimal system. In fact don't use any number based system. Can you count now? Sure you can. But you will soon loose track of where you are. You will know not if you are getting close to the original number that I requested you to count to. You will not know if you have passed this number. In this context, we have a new phenomenon. The number line is basically still there but we do not have any more reason to call it a number line. Let us call it a "counting line." the above is from this post With this above line of thinking, I arrived at the point where I had to use "da,da,da,da,...,da" as a way to describe what happens after you abandon all the number BASED systems. 



#67
Jul2907, 10:02 PM

P: 120

Yes, indeed you can count with the counting system. My definition of count will have to become something like: "take another algorithmic step" I am interested in a system that lets me move forward in the "line" and I don't care at this point about whether or not you can label each position. I know this system is going to be almost useless for most people. But if you remember that the Peano system is basically able to simulate this counting system then you can not deny that lots of stuff in mathematics is related to a counting system... .it might just be harder to recognize that fact since there are so many other things you can do with Peano like the fancy multiplication or addition. 



#68
Jul2907, 10:16 PM

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First of all, counting is not a natural thing, and there are people who do not count (most famously the Piraha of South America). Babies and animals can spot the difference between 1, 2, 3, 45, 69, and so forth, but more particular nuances are generally the area of counting which is a human construct. But even people who can't count can use tally sticks to record and compare numbers. Essentially every truly ancient civilization used them in some form or other: notches carved into pieces of wood or whatever was convenient. (The Inca used knots in ropes instead.) But even people who can't count and don't use devices like tally sticks, abacuses, or the like can compare numbers by setting up bijections. Imagine you want to compare the number of sheep I have to the number you have. Just pass one of yours and one of mine through a gate until one of us has none left. If we both have none left we had the same number; otherwise the one with more left has more. This works even if, like the Piraha, you have no abstract concept of "number". * Fortunately I've picked that up as a hobby (having read a few textbooks on the subject recommended to me by my friend who has a degree in the field). 



#69
Jul2907, 10:37 PM

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Consider the system: Axiom 1. A You can take as many algorithmic steps as you like with this system: 1. A (1) 2. A (1) 3. A (1) 4. A (1) . . . Thus it lets you count in your terminology. Perhaps you mean taking steps that are essentially different from those before? Consider this system: Axiom 1. A Axiom 2. A > B Axiom 3. B > A We can take as many algorithmic steps as you like: 1. A (1) 2. A > B (2) 3. B (MP) 4. B > A (3) 5. A (MP) . . . Alternatively: Axiom 1. A Axiom 2. For all x, x > x. 1. A (1) 2. A > A (2) 3. (A > A) > (A > A) (2) 4. A > (A > A) (MP) . . . Plenty of algorithmic steps, but there's no real way to count with this one. For a more concrete system, consider forming sets: {} {{}} {{}, {{}}} {{}, {{}}, {{{}}}} {{}, {{{}}}} {{{}, {{{}}}}, {{}}} Sets that are subsets of others can be said to be smaller, but some sets are incomparable  neither is smaller. This doesn't make a "number line" so much as a web. I see set theory as the basis for mathematics more than counting, but I'm sure a counting system could be used as an alternate basis. My field (number theory) would find that particularly natural. 



#70
Jul2907, 10:40 PM

P: 120

Here is another thought:
What is faster? Counting in binary or counting in decimal? Neither. You get there at the same rate. Who talks about numbers faster? A people who communicate about numbers only using the binary system or a people group who communicate about numbers only using base 10. They both use the same language. If you have to listen to one of these people speak out loud as they count then who takes the longest at each number when using their own number base to communicate? Now, if you do not use any number based system when "counting out loud" you are just going to have to make a noise over and over... "buh,buh,buh,buh,buh....buh." What is the slowest possible way for a human to count out loud? By not using a number based system to describe what point the count is currently at. They are still counting. Just not describing it with fancy short cuts. So, number systems are basically short cuts. They are an encoding which prevents people from having to "count" when exchanging numbers verbally, on paper, or whatever. 



#71
Jul2907, 10:46 PM

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#72
Jul2907, 10:51 PM

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