## Momentum Word Problems

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
1. Joe is sledding down a snow hill when he collides with Mike half way down the hill. Joe and the sled have a mass of 65 kg and their velocity before the collision was 12 m/s. If Mike has a mass of 55 kg, what velocity would Joe, Mike, and the sled have after the collision?

2. A 3 kg cart is moving along when it strikes a 2 kg cart (initially at rest). The velocity of the two-cart combination after the collision is 4 m/s. Calculate the velocity of the 3 kg cart before the collision.

3. Tyler is standing at the 10-yard line waiting to catch the initial kick-off. The .75 kg football experiences a change in velocity of 12 m/s in .17 s when caught by Tyler. What force does Tyler apply on the football?

2. Relevant equations
P = mv
I = F * (change in time) = m(final velocity)- m(initial velocity)

3. The attempt at a solution
1. I know that.. mass 1 = 65 kg, mass 2 = 55 kg, velocity 1 = 12 m/s
But I don't know what equation to use.. Or what needs to be found.

2. I got 6.7 m/s, I am not sure if it's correct
(3kg * velocity 1) + (2kg * 0 m/s) = (3kg * 4m/s) + (2kg * 4m/s)

3. No idea.. But I did find that the change in time is .17 s and the mass is .75 kg and I think the final velocity is 12m/s. But I don't know what equation must be used.

 PhysOrg.com science news on PhysOrg.com >> Front-row seats to climate change>> Attacking MRSA with metals from antibacterial clays>> New formula invented for microscope viewing, substitutes for federally controlled drug
 Blog Entries: 27 Recognitions: Gold Member Homework Help Science Advisor Hi Giggling! Welcome to PF! Your 2. is correct. Now do 1. exactly the same way … you can assume that the two sleds carry on together just like the two carts. For 3., you need to apply the full version of good ol' Newton's second law … force = rate of change of momentum
 for 1) dont worry about the fact that then are moving on an incline ... you can always take your X axis as you need!!!

 Tags impulse, momentum, physics, word problem