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Matrix of a Linear Transformation (Abstract) 
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#1
Oct3011, 06:19 PM

P: 209

I was taught that the columns of a matrix, T, representing a transformation represent the first vector space's basis set and the rows represent the basis set of the range vector space.
i.e. T(v_k) = t_1,k*w_1 +.... + t_(m,k)*w_m So v_k would be the kth basis vector of the first space, V, and the w's are the vector basis set for W (the range space). The coeffiicients (t's) correspond to that specific column. In other words, a transformation of a single basis (input) element is equal to a linear combination of the range's basis. This is the convention in Linear Algebra Done Right, wikipedia, and every text i've read.... except recently on on mathematical physics, which has the reverse style (rows act like columns, colms. like rows  as defined above). Is there a common convention? Or is one of the authors just plain wrong? 


#2
Oct3011, 10:22 PM

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P: 9,488

the meaning of the entries in a matrix are pure an arbitrary convention  there is no right or wrong choice. However the most common convention is this: the first column of the matrix for a linear map T represents the coefficients of the image T(e1), of the first basis vector of the source, under the map T, expanded in terms of the basis of the target.
e.g. if T maps R^2 to R^3, and e1= (1,0) and if T(1,0) = (3,4,5), then the first column will have entries 3,4,5. the second column will be the coefficients of T(e2), etc... 


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