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Uncertanty in double slit diffraction

by darthmonkey
Tags: diffraction, double slit, quantum, uncertainty
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darthmonkey
#1
Mar13-12, 12:32 AM
P: 6
In a double-slit experiment electrons are sent through a doule slit where an indicator determines the slit each electron went through. These indicators tell the y coordinate to within d/2, where d is the distance between the slits. If this is the case show that the diffraction pattern will be destroyed.


The angular distance,Δθ, between a maximum and minimum is λ/(2d). The angular distance may also be approximated as Δy/l where l is the distance from the slits to the screen. The y seperation,Δy, at the screen between a max and adjacent minimum is (λl)/(2d).

I understand that in order for the pattern to be destroyed the uncertainty in the y position at the screen must be equal to the distance between adjacent min and max, but I can't seem to get there.

The uncertainty of y at the slits is given in the problem as d/2 allowing the momentum in y to be found. Assuming the uncertainty in p at the slit is the same at the screen then Δp is known. Assuming the electron has a momentum in the x direction then the momentum in x and the wavelength may be used. I tried to say that Δθ=Δy/l, and then substitute the p relation in for y but this gets me no where. Messing around I found out that setting Δy/l=Δpy/px and solving for Δy gives the correct relation but I have no idea why you can set these two things equal to each other.
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