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Will someone please explain Bayesian statistics? 
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#1
May812, 05:29 PM

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I don't know much algebra (I kind of skipped it and went to geometry), but I do sort of understand statistics. I can certainly perform a ztest or a ttest and know when they should or shouldn't be used.



#2
May812, 07:39 PM

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This is the best place to start for understanding the Bayesian approach. 


#3
May812, 08:57 PM

Sci Advisor
P: 3,300

Want to know the probability that some idea is true given the observed data? Then you need to use the Bayesian approach. 


#4
May912, 01:44 PM

P: 250

Will someone please explain Bayesian statistics?
In Bayesian statistics you always have to assume something before reaching any conclusion, when you know nothing then you assume the most not informative prior.
In Bayesian Inference you would never get a 0 probability for anything, for example, imaging you toss 5 million times a coin and you get 5 million heads, a Frequentist would estimate that given the information available the chances for tails to appear are zero, whereas a Bayesian will give you a very small value but not zero (this is due the the prior). So in my opinion Bayesian... er... I'd rather not, Frequentist vs Fisherian vs Bayesian can easily flame a thread. Yet, I will only say that for experimental sciences is better not to assume priors, though Bayesians will debate this to death anyway ;) 


#5
May1312, 02:29 AM

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#6
May1312, 02:46 AM

P: 4,573

This does not change what Stephen Tashi has said about the probabilities and it also don't change whether the probabilities are from countable or uncountable distributions: you treat them in the right way based on if they uncountable or not, but again this is not in any kind of contradiction whatsoever to what has been said above. If you have a continuous distribution, your probability for any hypothesis of this nature will always involve an interval and not a point, if the area of interest is continuous (you can also have mixed distributions, but that's another issue). 


#7
May1312, 02:57 AM

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Say we're tossing a coin and the null hypothesis is that the coin is fair. You compute the probability of the observed results on that basis. What if we suppose the coin is not fair? There's no way to compute the probability of the results unless we specify exactly HOW unfair. Fairness is just one point on a continuum of possibilities. In Bayesian stats, an entire a priori distribution for the fairness parameter should be provided. 


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