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HUP in QFT and QM:virtual particles 
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#37
Nov1112, 07:34 AM

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P: 912

I think I see Tom's point, but I've never really made the connection with the gaugevariance of the virtual states. I'll certainly read those references :) 


#38
Nov1112, 08:37 AM

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P: 5,451

[tex]\delta\mathcal{L}_\xi = \frac{(\partial_\mu A^\mu)^2}{2\xi}[/tex] which is a Gaussian located at [itex]\partial_\mu A^\mu = 0[/itex] with width [itex]\xi[/itex] in the "gauge field space". Via this mechanism one has a "family of gauge fixings" labelled by the continuous parameter [itex]\xi[/itex]; for [itex]\xi\to 0[/itex] the gauge breaking term in the action reduces to a delta functional in the PI fixing the theory to ordinary Lorentz gauge. Another possibility is to introduce the axial gauge condition [itex]n_\mu A^\mu = 0[/itex] where the global direction [itex]n_\mu[/itex] remains a s a free parameter in the theory on the level of Feynman diagrams. It is true that via this mechanism one introduces a free parameter into the Feynman rules and that chosing a specific gauge (i.e. a specific value for [itex]\xi[/itex], [itex]n^\mu[/itex], ...) is done afer deriving the Feynman rules. But this is not what I refer to. What I mean is that one first fixes a family auf gauges, which may depend on a free parameter and then derives the Feynman rules for this family. 


#39
Nov1212, 07:18 AM

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#40
Nov1212, 08:08 AM

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What I explained is that one does not fix a specific gauge but a class of gauges. But this IS essentially gauge fixing in the sense that the ∂_{μ}A^{μ} family excludes other gauges like Coulomb gauge, axial gauge, Weyl gauge etc. So one could say that 1) one fixes a family of gauges labelled by a free parameter 2) derives the Feynman rules 3) fixes the parameter Step 1) is gauge fixing!! 


#41
Nov1312, 06:13 AM

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#42
Nov1312, 01:01 PM

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#43
Nov1412, 06:57 AM

P: 1,020

I think the problem was with two gauges ,i have seen for photon propagators .one in landau gauge,other in feynman gauge which just arises because we choose different parameters after deriving the propagator by path integral formalism.But perhaps introducing the term like (∂_{μ}A^{μ})^{2}/2ε should rather be called gauge fixing.



#44
Nov1412, 01:34 PM

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P: 5,451

So let's come back to the main issue regarding "physical interpretaion of virtual particles"



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