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Traversetime of r=cos(n*θ)

by Nikitin
Tags: rcosnθ, traversetime
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Nikitin
#1
Feb4-13, 06:22 AM
P: 627
I have the function in polar coordinates r=cos(n*θ), where r is the radii. I'm supposed to draw the graph of this function, and calculate the area. But to calculate the area, I need to know how fast the function traverses. From the solution in my book, it says if n is even, the function traverses when θ goes from 0 to 2pi, and from 0 to pi if n is odd.

Why is the traverse-time for this function only dependant on if n is odd or even? I do not understand this at all. Can you guys help me develop an intuition for functions in polar coordinates?
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HallsofIvy
#2
Feb4-13, 07:27 AM
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You will cover one lobe as r goes from 0 to 1 and back to 0. That is, as [itex]n\theta[/itex] goes form [itex]-\pi+ 2k\pi[/itex] to [itex]\pi/2+ 2k\pi[/itex] for integer k.

The reason for the "if n is even, the function traverses when θ goes from 0 to 2pi, and from 0 to pi if n is odd." is that when [itex]cos(n\theta)[/itex] is negative, r is negative and, because r is alwas positive in polar coordinates, is interpreted as positive but with [itex]\pi[/itex] added to [itex]\theta[/itex]. When n is odd, that results in one lobe covering another. When n is even, there are 2n lobes, when n is odd there are n lobes.
Nikitin
#3
Feb4-13, 04:21 PM
P: 627
So you're saying when r goes from 0 to 1 to 0 (and n*θ goes from -pi/2 to pi/2) the function has fully traversed?

Is this a general rule? That when r goes back to where it started, the function has traversed?

is that when cos(nθ) is negative, r is negative and, because r is alwas positive in polar coordinates, is interpreted as positive but with π added to θ. When n is odd, that results in one lobe covering another. When n is even, there are 2n lobes, when n is odd there are n lobes.
I think I get you, but can you please provide an example?

HallsofIvy
#4
Feb7-13, 02:57 PM
Math
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PF Gold
P: 39,544
Traversetime of r=cos(n*θ)

The first graph is [itex]r= 5cos(4\theta)[/itex] and the second graph is [itex]r= 5cos(5\theta)[/itex]
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