# Basic Logic Gates / Pulse Train Problem (Includes Solution)

 P: 584 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data The problem and its solution are attached. 2. Relevant equations N/A 3. The attempt at a solution I'm very confused about how output pulse trains work. I already checked online (including Wikipedia) so, could someone please give me an explanation of the absolute basics in an easy-to-understand way? I'm confused about what the “rectangle-ness” around the numbers is for and how it works. What I DO get is that the output is the same as the input A since input B is a constant 1 and, converting “1” to “True”, we get unknown AND True = unknown. Any input for helping me fully understand this problem would be greatly appreciated! Attached Thumbnails
Mentor
P: 12,028
 I'm confused about what the “rectangle-ness” around the numbers is for and how it works.
That is just a graphical representation of the input - the line is high for 1 and low for 0.
 P: 584 Oh but, how do I know what A (and, by consequence, Y) is equal to? In other words, what is the computational step (no matter how simple it may be)?
 Mentor P: 12,028 Basic Logic Gates / Pulse Train Problem (Includes Solution) That is given there. Input A starts with a 1 (written above "a"), this is followed by a 0 ("b"), ... Well, it could start with "h" as well, but that changes nothing.
 P: 584 So, A is a sequence of digits rather than one final answer? I was thinking it would be (a OR b OR c OR d OR e OR f OR g OR h) = (0 or 1) = A or something like that. (By a capital "OR", I am referring to boolean logic whereas with the lowercase "or", I am just stating that the final value of A is either a 0 or a 1.) I'm still confused. (Sorry.)
Mentor
P: 12,028
 So, A is a sequence of digits
A pulse train, right (where the individual bits are "wagons").
 P: 584 1) Is the "rectangle-ness" part of the value A or is it just a fancy graphical drawing to what A really is which is only the individual digits (=wagons, as you mentioned in your last post)? 2) Is Y = {(a AND B),(b AND B),(c AND B),(d AND B),(e AND B),(f AND B),(g AND B),(h AND B)} = {(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1)} 3) Is a pulse train a SET of values (in the mathematical sense)?
Mentor
P: 12,028
 Quote by s3a 1) Is the "rectangle-ness" part of the value A or is it just a fancy graphical drawing to what A really is which is only the individual digits (=wagons, as you mentioned in your last post)?
It is the same as the written "0" and "1" - just another way to graph them.

 2) Is Y = {(a AND B),(b AND B),(c AND B),(d AND B),(e AND B),(f AND B),(g AND B),(h AND B)} = {(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1),(1 AND 1),(0 AND 1)}
 3) Is a pulse train a SET of values (in the mathematical sense)?
A sequence of values, they have some order.
 P: 584 I think I get it now (thanks to what you said combined with looking at problems later in the book where B is not a constant 1 and applying what I now know). Thanks. :)

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