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Co60, Gamma Spec, Different Counts in Peaks

by RotBlau
Tags: cobalt, gamma, spectrum
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RotBlau
#1
Jun11-14, 01:01 AM
P: 3
Hi Board,

In the Spectrum of Co60

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...0_Spectrum.JPG

i see the two peaks of the 4-2-0 Cascade. Looking at a table of Nuclides

http://atom.kaeri.re.kr/cgi-bin/decay?Co-60%20B-

i found that the peaks are at about 1.1 and 1.3MeV.

But why are they not the same size?

Thanks a lot
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RotBlau
#2
Jun11-14, 03:23 AM
P: 3
To explain my uncertainty more.

For each Gamma with 1.1MeV (appearing>99%) theire will be a Gamma with 1.3MeV(appearing>99%) but in the Spectrum the 1.1MeV Gamma ist counted about 10% often.

How could that be explained?
jtbell
#3
Jun11-14, 05:59 AM
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What kind of detector produced the spectrum? The detector might be less efficient at the higher energy.

RotBlau
#4
Jun11-14, 07:27 AM
P: 3
Co60, Gamma Spec, Different Counts in Peaks

Thank You

A NaI(Tl) Scintillation Detector.

They have a Detection Efficiency and its depending on the Energy and more.
mfb
#5
Jun11-14, 01:10 PM
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Where does that number 10% come from?
The background is clearly different for the two energies so this has to be subtracted. Did you make a fit to the spectrum? The resolution can be different, so peak height and total number of events in the peak don't have to be proportional.

I would expect the lower efficiency as main reason. Maybe pair production outside the detector can be an issue as well.
echaniot
#6
Jun29-14, 01:10 PM
P: 4
I think that it is due to the decreasing slope of efficiency vs energy as was stated.
Also, the QED cross section drops with energy so if efficiency was flat I would expect a (small) decrease in counts as energy increases.
jtbell
#7
Jun29-14, 02:17 PM
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Quote Quote by jtbell View Post
What kind of detector produced the spectrum? The detector might be less efficient at the higher energy.
Quote Quote by RotBlau View Post
A NaI(Tl) Scintillation Detector.

They have a Detection Efficiency and its depending on the Energy and more.
The two peaks at the far right end of the spectrum are due to the photoelectric effect. The interaction cross-section σ for the photoelectric effect decreases rapidly with increasing photon energy. See here for example:

http://www.upscale.utoronto.ca/Gener...F05/Lect05.htm

Scroll down near the bottom of the page to the section "Photon interactions" and see the graph of σpe.
echaniot
#8
Jun29-14, 08:55 PM
P: 4
It is not necessarily *only* photoelectric effect that takes place there.
It could be successive compton scattering with all the energy absorbed within the detector, taken that the detector is thick enough.
A 10% effect is an order of magnitude difference in counts and thus in the cross section. This argument is not supported by the plot you pointed us to if you look at the range 1.17 - 1.3 MeV!
Thus one may conclude that the effect is mainly detector efficiency and the decreasing cross section is a smaller additional effect.

If RotBlau had the efficiency curve of the detector in question, it would be most enlightening.
Take this for example from the web, although I don't know how relevant it might be
http://radware.phy.ornl.gov/esclev/esclev_fig2.gif


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