## Impedance vs Resistance

Just wondering here... What is the difference between impedance and resistance? Is resistance typically used to describe the nature of a circuit element, while impedance is of an entire circuit? I have looked up the definitions for both, and I just don't see the difference between them. Thanks!
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 Recognitions: Gold Member Science Advisor really basically... impedance is used in an AC circuit ie .... resistance to an AC current impedance is determined from the inductive and capacitive reactances resistance is used in a DC circuit .... resistance to a DC current look up Characheristic Impedance Inductive Reactance and Capacitive Reactance cheers Dave
 Impedance rolls together resistance, inductance, and capacitance into one complex value.

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## Impedance vs Resistance

 Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to the passage of a current when a voltage is applied. In quantitative terms, it is the complex ratio of the voltage to the current in an alternating current (AC) circuit. Impedance extends the concept of resistance to AC circuits, and possesses both magnitude and phase, unlike resistance, which has only magnitude.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_impedence

Next line in wikipedia:

 When a circuit is driven with direct current (DC), there is no distinction between impedance and resistance....
This statement is not quite correct.....in a steady state condition, this is true, but when DC is initially turned on...or shut off....there ARE reactance effects.

This is a nice/accurate synopsis from the above source:
"There are an additional two impeding mechanisms to be taken into account in AC circuits: the induction of voltages in conductors self-induced by the magnetic fields of currents (inductance), and the electrostatic storage of charge induced by voltages between conductors (capacitance). "
 There is one more difference not so far mentioned. Inductance comes in two flavours. Self inductance Mutual inductance The contribution of inductance to impedance refers only to the former.

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