Mentor

## Primacy of conservation laws

Relative to the reference frame. That is how velocities are always defined.

 So where in this empty infinite universe is the origin of this reference frame?
 Mentor Wherever you choose, that is one of the decisions you have to make when you define a reference frame.

 ...........you define a reference frame.
But I didn't, becuse there isn't one, or alternatively one can't.

If we let the velocity of the particle be v or 1010v, what difference would it make to this universe (or the particle)?

Mentor
 Quote by Studiot But I didn't, becuse there isn't one, or alternatively one can't.
Huh? What would make you think that? There are an infinite number of reference frames you can define.

 Quote by Studiot If we let the velocity of the particle be v or 1010v, what difference would it make to this universe (or the particle)?
It would change the momentum and any other frame variant quantities. It would not change any frame invariant quantities.

Recognitions:
 Quote by Studiot I mentioned the word "force" precisely once in this thread, and that was before I asked a fluid mechanics related question.
What is your thesis. State it clearly. You are not arguing a point right now, you are just bickering about stuff. That is not a way to have a conversation.

 Quote by Studiot In my opinion momentum in my uniparticular universe is indeterminate since the particle's velocity is indeterminate.
Classical Mechanics is non-Relativistic. There is an absolute velocity. Fact that you aren't specifying velocity just means that you don't know its velocity, because you are being intentionally shifty about posing the question.

In Classical Mechanics, a particle has a determinate position x,y,z for any given time t. I can take position between two times and obtain velocity. That's it. If you insist that velocities are relative, then you are the one who is not sticking to the constraints of Classical Mechanics.

Now, you might be tempted to bring up Galilean Relativity, but it's not true relativity in sense that it is indistinguishable from preferred system. Just because I can re-write equations doesn't mean that particles doesn't have an intrinsic absolute velocity. It is only when you start considering motion of light relative to other objects that the concept of velocity as relative quantity becomes irrefutable. But by now you've ventured into Special Relativity where force is a relative quantity as well.

 Quote by K^2 Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Mechanics are topics in Classical Mechanics. I'm not sure what your complaint is. You are trying to artificially limit discussion to a static case. First of all, yes, any structural mechanics problem can be solved using Lagrange Multipliers without talking about forces. Of course, what you are actually analyzing is stress, so you have no choice but to involve forces at some point, and you might as well start balancing forces from the beginning. Dynamics problems, however, are greatly simplified by use of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Mechanics in generalized coordinates. That's kind of why you usually learn them in a Classical Mechanics course. But hey, if you want Lagrangian analysis of a mass supported by the floor, here it is. Lagrangian and constraint. $$L = \frac{1}{2}m\dot{y}^2 - mgy + \lambda f(y)$$
How did you get mgy?

Isn't it simpler to just write down mass times acceleration, and be done with it?

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