
#1
Sep2213, 11:05 PM

P: 737

Consider a physical quantity e.g. w,related to some other quantities by [itex] w=f(x,y,z) [/itex].
Imagine an experiment is done for finding the value of w and the measurement errors for x,y and z are known. I wanna know what is the standard method for calculating the error in w resulting from the errors in x,y and z? I can think of several ways but don't know which is better! 1[itex] \Delta w=\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}\Delta x+\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}\Delta y+\frac{\partial f}{\partial z}\Delta z[/itex] 2[itex]\Delta w^2=(\frac{\partial f}{\partial x})^2 \Delta x^2+(\frac{\partial f}{\partial y})^2 \Delta y^2+(\frac{\partial f}{\partial z})^2 \Delta z^2 [/itex] and some others...! Thanks 



#2
Sep2313, 12:55 AM

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PF Gold
P: 11,070

The "pythagoras" approach is where x,y,z are independent.




#3
Sep2313, 07:30 AM

Mentor
P: 16,485

2 is the standard for independent errors.




#4
Sep2313, 08:31 AM

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PF Gold
P: 2,199

Error Calculation
Why not have a look at the GUM?
http://www.bipm.org/en/publications/guides/gum.html It is surprisingly readable with quite a few examples. It is also (litteraly) the standard which just about everyone ultimately follows (albeit not always directly), i.e. as long as you folllow the GUM you are pretty safe. 



#5
Sep2313, 09:25 PM

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PF Gold
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Maybe the GUM should be made sticky?




#6
Sep2313, 09:46 PM

P: 737

GUM is just too long and detailed that you don't know where is the main point!
I couldn't find my answer there! 



#7
Sep2413, 10:52 AM

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PF Gold
P: 2,199

Where I work we have a mathematical modelling group which (litteraly) specialises in just this. The GUM is the "basic" document which everyone who needs to do this professionally (e.g. because they do calibration work, quality control or have to certfy equipment) is expected to know. The most general way of calculating errors (which is frequently used for real data) is to run Monte Carlo simulations, where you've assigned the proper distibution (which usually is the worst case scenario, unless you have very good reason to e.g. assume that the distribution is narrower than this). There is also specialised software you can get that will help you do this. 


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