Register to reply

Pressure increase in a closed system

Share this thread:
DarkF1ame
#1
Oct17-13, 09:22 AM
P: 1
Hello All,

I work in the refrigeration industry, and I'm trying to put a hard number on a hypothetical situation. The situation is a lapse in SOP and liquid gets trapped in a line. For this hypothetical situation the line is 100% full. What would the increase in pressure be per degree?

I know that the density (g/cm3) goes down as temperature is increased. So with a fixed mass, the cm3 number must go up to lower the overall density, but since the scenario is 100% full, my brain tells me that energy is getting transmitted into the pipe walls as pressure since it can't physically expand any more. What I can't figure out is how to enumerate that pressure gain.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

For this example, the trapped liquid in the pipe is water.

Thanks,

Scott
Phys.Org News Partner Physics news on Phys.org
New complex oxides could advance memory devices
Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies
UCI team is first to capture motion of single molecule in real time
Chestermiller
#2
Oct17-13, 09:31 PM
Mentor
Chestermiller's Avatar
P: 5,398
Quote Quote by DarkF1ame View Post
Hello All,

I work in the refrigeration industry, and I'm trying to put a hard number on a hypothetical situation. The situation is a lapse in SOP and liquid gets trapped in a line. For this hypothetical situation the line is 100% full. What would the increase in pressure be per degree?

I know that the density (g/cm3) goes down as temperature is increased. So with a fixed mass, the cm3 number must go up to lower the overall density, but since the scenario is 100% full, my brain tells me that energy is getting transmitted into the pipe walls as pressure since it can't physically expand any more. What I can't figure out is how to enumerate that pressure gain.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

For this example, the trapped liquid in the pipe is water.

Thanks,

Scott
If the pipe is rigid so that it doesn't expand, then first you calculate how much the water would expand if it were not constrained (volumetric strain). This is determined by its coefficient of thermal volume expansion. Then you calculate how much pressure would be required to remove that same amount of volumetric strain. This would be determined by the bulk modulus of the fluid.

Chet


Register to reply

Related Discussions
Pressure in a closed system using an inclined manometer Engineering, Comp Sci, & Technology Homework 0
Does entropy in a closed system always increase OR remain constant ( General Physics 1
How to increase pressure in a system Mechanical Engineering 3
Increase pressure in closed container Classical Physics 20
Does the entropy of a closed system always increase General Physics 5