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## Spacetime diagram - Twin paradox

Quote by Mike Holland
 Quote by ghwellsjr If you've ignored the paths that light takes to travel, then you haven't addressed jaumzaum's issue, have you? But while we're waiting for your diagram that does that, maybe you could answer Peter's questions:
Jaunzaum's second diagram is incorect. It ignores the length contraction that will make Pam see a much shorter distance between the start and end of her journey while she is traveling. Only as they match speeds at the midpoint of the journey does this distance expand again to match the distance seen by Jim. So Pam sees Jim shoot out further out at turnaround, as has been mentioned before (by Peter, I think).
Could you be a little more specific with which diagram you are referring to? I couldn't find one that was incorrect.

In the meantime, I decided to redraw the diagrams from the link that Jaumzaum provided specifically to combine the signals for both Jim and Pam in each drawing. Here is the first one for the Inertial Reference Frame (IRF) of Jim (shown in blue--Pam is in black):

Next is the last diagram shown in the link which is the IRF in which Pam is at rest during the return part of the trip:

I don't know why they only showed the messages going from Pam to Jim. It's just as easy to show Jim's messages going to Pam.

And here is a diagram they didn't show which is the IRF in which Pam is at rest during the first part of the trip when she is traveling away:

Please note that each drawing illustrates exactly the same information. You can follow any message being sent by either twin, noting the year it was sent, and track how it was received by the other twin in which year it was received.

On the next post, I will show another aborted attempt to marry portions of these last two diagrams together in which Pam is always at rest and then I will show a successful way to depict a non-inertial diagram in which Pam is always at rest and it also correctly describes the paths of the messages.
Attached Thumbnails

 Recognitions: Gold Member Jaumzaum's link shows an aborted attempt to combine the last two diagrams from the last post. Here I will show a better way to do this but they still have problems and they cannot show the paths of the message for both twins on the same diagram. First is the combined diagram in which Pam is always at rest and in which she is receiving the messages from Jim. Note that everything she sees is accurate: Next is the combined diagram in which Pam is always at rest and in which she is sending messages to Jim. Although it correctly shows when she sent the messages, she cannot tell the path they take to Jim. This final non-inertial drawing in which Pam is always at rest correctly shows the timings for both Pam and Jim in terms of when they send and receive all the messages: Note that Pam could always use a radar method to determine how far away Jim was and this diagram takes advantage of that information. Attached Thumbnails
 Blog Entries: 1 Recognitions: Gold Member Science Advisor Thanks, ghwellsjr, the last is radar coordinates I've referred to, in simplest form (another form is to scale the horizontal - stretching to the left, so the coordinate distance along a horizontal coordinate line corresponds to proper distance along the simultaneity line it represents).
 Fig. 1 is the typical 'twin' drawing with simultaneity axis, from static twin Bert's view. Fig. 2 is traveling twin Bart's view, with distorted space and time coordinates resulting from simultaneity convention. The 'convention' is a mathematical device/stipulation and as such cannot relocate events (events do not move!). Fig. 3 is fig. 2 without the 'convention' and using relative light speeds. Fig. 4 is Bart's view with an equivalent G-field as his reversal. Bart will see Bert curve back toward him as a result of the G-field. http://www.physicsforums.com/attachm...4&d=1360089535

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 Quote by phyti Fig. 1 is the typical 'twin' drawing with simultaneity axis, from static twin Bert's view. Fig. 2 is traveling twin Bart's view, with distorted space and time coordinates resulting from simultaneity convention. The 'convention' is a mathematical device/stipulation and as such cannot relocate events (events do not move!). Fig. 3 is fig. 2 without the 'convention' and using relative light speeds. Fig. 4 is Bart's view with an equivalent G-field as his reversal. Bart will see Bert curve back toward him as a result of the G-field. http://www.physicsforums.com/attachm...4&d=1360089535
Fig. 4 is ok, but you should be aware that drawn as you have, x coordinated distance is wildly different from proper distance computed along horizontal line in the coordinates. Often, when using some simultaneity convention, you want spatial coordinate differences to reflect proper distances computed on those surfaces. If you do this, the curved path gets highly stretched to the left in your fig. 4.

 Quote by PAllen Fig. 4 is ok, but you should be aware that drawn as you have, x coordinated distance is wildly different from proper distance computed along horizontal line in the coordinates. Often, when using some simultaneity convention, you want spatial coordinate differences to reflect proper distances computed on those surfaces. If you do this, the curved path gets highly stretched to the left in your fig. 4.
The stretching/distortion, etc., as in fig. 2, results from the simultaneity convention.
It is is not a deduction using physics, it's, as Einstein states, a definition to assign time and position to the remote reflection events. He also states in a different souce, his definition has nothing to do with physical light propagation. It's to support the pseudo-rest frame that the observer thinks he occupies, with equal light paths out and return, so divide the round trip time in half.
Any locations and times for the reflection events are speculation and inverifiable by the inertially moving observer, until someone can time the light propagation along a 1-way path.

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