How to find the strength of an electromagnetby Pharrahnox Tags: ampere's law, electromagnet, flux density, magnet, maxwell's equation, measure, strength 

#1
Apr413, 07:35 PM

P: 86

I have created a simple electromagnet that is just an iron railroad spike with some thick insulated wire wrapped around it. This is connected to a dodgy, old motorbike battery (I'm thinking of being a decent battery...).
I have looked up how you measure the strength, but I'm not sure what is the one I'm looking for. Is it magnetic flux density? If so, I found the formula for teslas: T = N/Am. How can I apply this to my magnet? I can find the Amperes with a multimeter, but I don't know how to find the Newtons... Also, with the metres part, is that the length of iron wrapped in the coil, or just the length of iron all together? 



#2
Apr413, 07:48 PM

HW Helper
P: 6,213

You can look up the magnetic permeability of the iron core. Get the current from the battery and use the formula for the magnetic field of a solenoid.
http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu.../solenoid.html 



#3
Apr513, 06:05 AM

P: 86

Ok, thankyou, the link was very helpful.
I'm not sure if I should start a new thread for this or not, but I'm hoping there is an easy answer. I also have a horseshoe shaped permanent magnet, and I was wondering how I can figure out its strength, to compare with electromagnets that I will build. 


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