# Classical and quantum electromagnetic field

 P: 739 For the first question I am not quiet sure for the answer... In general it's better to work with the 4-vector potentials rather than fields. Also the expression that you give for the expectation value of the vacuum does not feel right. I mean it takes no account of the existence of particle you are talking about. As for the Higgs field..... You have the vev of the field, that minimizes the potential. Now something moving in the minimum potential is not interesting - it corresponds to a Goldstone boson, and as such could not have masses. At least that you get from perturbing the vev. In general the perturbated field, will not get only the $Φ= v+h$ in fact the higgs field would be: $Φ= e^{iθ ξ} \left( \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ v+h \\ \end{array} \right)$ for which ξ can be a goldstone boson field, that is being dropped out once you work in the unitary gauge.... It also can be seen as performing a perturbation along the potential minimum (the slightest push along the minimum will start circulating you around it). The $h$ is the perturbation that happens along the field's values and that's the higg's field (by the last term I mean that it's the higgs that when coupled to itself will give the mass of the higg's boson) since it's the field that excites the vacuum.
 Quote by ChrisVer In general the perturbated field, will not get only the $Φ= v+h$ The $h$ is the perturbation that happens along the field's values and that's the higg's field (by the last term I mean that it's the higgs that when coupled to itself will give the mass of the higg's boson) since it's the field that excites the vacuum.