Find the values of a and b that make f continuous everywhere


by SmittenWCalc
Tags: continuous, values
SmittenWCalc
SmittenWCalc is offline
#1
Sep11-12, 05:32 PM
P: 1
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

This is a piece wise function of course. f(x) =

(x2-4) / (x-2) if x is less than two.

ax2 - bx + 1 if x is greater than or equal to 2, or less than three.

4x - a + b if x is greater than or equal to three.

2. Relevant equations



3. The attempt at a solution

Alright, I know enough to factor the top of the fist equation and get x+2. That means when x is two, f(x) is four. We can use f(x) in this case because we are making the function continuous. I've gotten as far as plugging in this value in the second equation and getting

4 = a4 - b2 + 1

but I don't know what to do from here, or how to get the values of a and b. I think I subtract one from the right and get

3 = a4 - 2b

Now I am definitely stuck.
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Mark44
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#2
Sep11-12, 06:26 PM
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Quote Quote by SmittenWCalc View Post
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

This is a piece wise function of course. f(x) =

(x2-4) / (x-2) if x is less than two.

ax2 - bx + 1 if x is greater than or equal to 2, or less than three.

4x - a + b if x is greater than or equal to three.

2. Relevant equations



3. The attempt at a solution

Alright, I know enough to factor the top of the fist equation and get x+2. That means when x is two, f(x) is four. We can use f(x) in this case because we are making the function continuous. I've gotten as far as plugging in this value in the second equation and getting

4 = a4 - b2 + 1

but I don't know what to do from here, or how to get the values of a and b. I think I subtract one from the right and get

3 = a4 - 2b

Now I am definitely stuck.
Written in a more useful way, your equation is

4a - 2b = 3


Now, what about at x = 3? You want the function to be continuous there, as well, right? What needs to happen for f to be continuous at x = 3?

That should give you another equation so that you have a system of two equations in the unknowns a and b.
SammyS
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#3
Sep11-12, 11:41 PM
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Quote Quote by SmittenWCalc View Post
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

This is a piece wise function of course. f(x) =

(x2-4) / (x-2) if x is less than two.

ax2 - bx + 1 if x is greater than or equal to 2, or less than three.

4x - a + b if x is greater than or equal to three.

2. Relevant equations
3. The attempt at a solution

Alright, I know enough to factor the top of the fist equation and get x+2. That means when x is two, f(x) is four. We can use f(x) in this case because we are making the function continuous. I've gotten as far as plugging in this value in the second equation and getting

4 = a4 - b2 + 1

but I don't know what to do from here, or how to get the values of a and b. I think I subtract one from the right and get

3 = a4 - 2b

Now I am definitely stuck.
Hello SmittenWCalc. Welcome to PF!

So, you have the following:
[itex]\displaystyle \lim_{x\to\,2-}f(x)=\lim_{x\to\,2-}(x+2)=4\ .[/itex]

[itex]\displaystyle \lim_{x\to\,2+}f(x)=\lim_{x\to\,2+} (ax^2+bx+1)=4a+2b+1\ .[/itex]
Do something similar at x=3 .


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