# Graphical to Mathematical representation of changing the order of some elements

by arsenal_51
Tags: elements, graphical, mathematical, order, representation
 P: 3 I have a question that is a little hard to explain, since i don't know the name of this method, but I'll try my best, if anyone knows the name please do tell me. So let's say we have three numbers, 1 2 3 (in this order) and we have a container for this numbers: C123 and we have some operations: O12, O13 and O23 each of these operations act on those numbers changing their positions. For example O12 will change the position of the first and second elements. So lets say: O12 . C123 will equal: C213 And if we want to find out what operations to use when we have the original Container and the target Container we can do it easily graphically. For example: Original: C123 Target: C231 This can be done graphically: The point where the lines intercept represent the operation between those two numbers. And the order is important, since these operations are not commutable. So that's the same as: O12 . O23 . C123 = C231 One last example: The container doesn't need to hold all of the numbers of the three number-space Original: C12 Target: C31 Or: O23 . O12 . C12 = C31 So graphically its easy to find out the operations of any N number-space. But how do we express that in a mathematical general expression?
 P: 771 I'm not exactly sure what you're asking. These are just basic permutations, so cycle notation should communicate everything that you need.
 P: 3 Thanks for your reply, i'm going to read about that. I'm trying to find out the permutations needed to do mathematically for any N number group, knowing only the original and the final state. Ideally something of the format: O1i . O2j . C12 = Cij But for a N number group instead of just a this small example that might not even be correct.
P: 181

## Graphical to Mathematical representation of changing the order of some elements

 Quote by arsenal_51 Thanks for your reply, i'm going to read about that. I'm trying to find out the permutations needed to do mathematically for any N number group, knowing only the original and the final state. Ideally something of the format: O1i . O2j . C12 = Cij But for a N number group instead of just a this small example that might not even be correct.
Your notation is somewhat unconventional, but I think you mean the following: Given an ordered set of the first N counting numbers, i.e. ##S = (s_1\,s_2\,s_3\,\ldots\,s_N)##, you want to find ##X## "swappings" of the form ##(f_1\,t_1),\ldots,(f_X\,t_X)## such that their product will take the ordered set ##(1\,2\,3\,\ldots\,N)## to ##S##, i.e.
$$(1\,2\,3\,\ldots\,N)\cdot(f_1\,t_1)\cdot\ldots \cdot (f_X\,t_X)=(s_1\,s_2\,s_3\,\ldots\,i_N).$$
This is possible, and you can construct the pairs ##(f_k\,t_k)## quite easily. I'll just hint by saying this much: choose ##(f_1\,t_1)## so that it swaps the elements ##1## and ##s_N##, and then let ##(f_2\,t_2)=(1\,N)##. This means that those two swapping put ##s_N## at position ##N##. In the next step you place ##s_{N-1}## into position ##N-1## etc. till you end up with the ordered set ##S## you wanted.

This way you may need ##X=2N-1## swappings, and it's actually possible to get from ##(1\,2\,3\,\ldots\,N)## to any ##(s_1\,s_2\,s_3\,\ldots\,s_N)## with only ##N-1## swappings, but not as easily as by my method (one element at a time goes into position ##1## and then to its proper place).
 P: 3 Thank you, i will try out your method, it seems pretty clear. After i try that out i would like to check that other more efficient method you were talking about where you only need N - 1 swapping operations. Do you know where i can read more about that other method or the name of it? Thanks again.

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