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Resonance  How does it occur? 
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#1
Mar414, 09:11 PM

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I am having a little difficulty with the concept of resonance. Could someone explain how resonance occurs and how elastic oscillation relates to resonance?



#2
Mar414, 09:49 PM

Mentor
P: 41,109

Please do some reading and research on your own first, and then post links and specific questions here about what you don't understand in what you have read. We are very much about "learning how to learn" here at the PF. 


#3
Mar514, 04:05 AM

P: 112

Qualitatively, it is easiest to consider a simple system. Suppose you have a mass on a spring. If you stretch the spring and let go, the mass oscillates, that is vibrates up and down. The mass will vibrate at a fixed frequency. This is the often called the natural frequency. Now suppose we force the mass using a motor (or our hand to vibrate at the resonant frequency (approximately the natural frequency, the details are complicated)). The amplitude (i.e. degree of stretching of the spring) attains it's largest value.
Forcing at higher or lower frequencies may not achieve as great a stretching. There is more but you may want to read up or reframe your question for more detail. 


#4
Mar514, 05:30 AM

P: 3,151

Resonance  How does it occur?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvAae3tII5s It's easier if the car has no shock absorbers. 


#5
Mar514, 09:14 AM

Sci Advisor
Thanks
PF Gold
P: 1,908

Every resonant process is a process which can store energy. If a process cannot store energy, then there cannot be a resonance.
There are always limits to how much energy can be stored by a resonant process. When these are exceeded you get a breakdown. For example, the Tacoma Narrows bridge disaster was the result of a resonant process: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacoma_...s_Bridge_(1940) 


#6
Mar714, 03:17 AM

P: 28

Hold a slinky by the top and let it dangle. Give it a jerk then hold your hand still and you should see the other end oscillate. That's the natural (resonant) frequency for the slinky. If you shake the slinky top up and down at that frequency, the other end oscillates with a large amplitude. If you go too fast or too slow, the slinky doesn't absorb energy, and the bottom of it doesn't move up or down nearly as much.



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