# Meaning of soulution of Central Equation: Nearly free electron model

by mhsd91
Tags: central equation
 P: 12 Considering the Nearly Free Electron model of solids, where we assume the valence electrons of some one dimensional(!) solid to move in a weak, periodic (with respect to the solids lattice constant) potensial. We may derive (which I assume you are familiare with, and will not do here) the central equation as an algebraic reformulation of the time independent Schrödinger eq. corresponding to the model/potential at hand, $(\lambda_k - \epsilon)C_k + \Sigma_G U_G C_{k-G} = 0$ where $\lambda_k = (\hbar^2 k^2) / (2m_e)$, $G$ is the set of possible reciprocal lattice vectors and $C_k$ is det fourier coefficients corresponding to the solution of the Schrödinger eq.: $\psi_k = \Sigma_k C_k e^{ikx}$. My problem is that I do not understand what exactly we do find if we solve the central equation. Say for instance I solve it and find the energy $\epsilon_\pm = \lambda_k \pm U_0$ for some $k$. Then I am told the energy gap, $\epsilon_{gap} = \epsilon_+ - \epsilon_-$, between two energy bands for this $k$ at hand. Please (dis)confirm!? ... and then WHICH two bands are this gap between? (If that makes sense). And is it possible to find values for $C_k$, how? .. Assuming we know the periodicity of the potential and $k$.
 Quote by mhsd91 Considering the Nearly Free Electron model of solids, where we assume the valence electrons of some one dimensional(!) solid to move in a weak, periodic (with respect to the solids lattice constant) potensial. We may derive (which I assume you are familiare with, and will not do here) the central equation as an algebraic reformulation of the time independent Schrödinger eq. corresponding to the model/potential at hand, $(\lambda_k - \epsilon)C_k + \Sigma_G U_G C_{k-G} = 0$ where $\lambda_k = (\hbar^2 k^2) / (2m_e)$, $G$ is the set of possible reciprocal lattice vectors and $C_k$ is det fourier coefficients corresponding to the solution of the Schrödinger eq.: $\psi_k = \Sigma_k C_k e^{ikx}$. My problem is that I do not understand what exactly we do find if we solve the central equation. Say for instance I solve it and find the energy $\epsilon_\pm = \lambda_k \pm U_0$ for some $k$. Then I am told the energy gap, $\epsilon_{gap} = \epsilon_+ - \epsilon_-$, between two energy bands for this $k$ at hand. Please (dis)confirm!? ... and then WHICH two bands are this gap between? (If that makes sense). And is it possible to find values for $C_k$, how? .. Assuming we know the periodicity of the potential and $k$.