## Third Law of Motion:Newton

Action and reaction do not balance each other.But then why a book lying on a table lies at rest?The reaction force and the gravitational force cannot balance each other.Then how is it?

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 Quote by moatasim23 Action and reaction do not balance each other.But then why a book lying on a table lies at rest?The reaction force and the gravitational force cannot balance each other.Then how is it?
Action and reaction forces act on different bodies, so they don't 'balance'. The book is in equilibrium because the forces acting on the book add up to zero (they 'balance'). But those forces are not action/reaction pairs.

The first thing you need to do is identify all the forces acting on the book and their third law pairs.

 Quote by Doc Al Action and reaction forces act on different bodies, so they don't 'balance'. The book is in equilibrium because the forces acting on the book add up to zero (they 'balance'). But those forces are not action/reaction pairs. The first thing you need to do is identify all the forces acting on the book and their third law pairs.
Can u help me to identify them?I can only think of two forces.
THANKS.

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## Third Law of Motion:Newton

 Quote by moatasim23 Can u help me to identify them?I can only think of two forces.
OK, what are those two forces? And what bodies exert those forces? (That will help you identify the 3rd law pairs.)

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hi moatasim23!

sorry, but i don't understand any of your post
 Quote by moatasim23 Action and reaction do not balance each other.
action and reaction are always equal and opposite
 But then why a book lying on a table lies at rest?The reaction force and the gravitational force cannot balance each other.
they do balance each other

what makes you think that they don't?

 Quote by Doc Al OK, what are those two forces? And what bodies exert those forces? (That will help you identify the 3rd law pairs.)
Gravitational force and the upward normal reaction force of the table.

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 Quote by moatasim23 Gravitational force and the upward normal reaction force of the table.
Good. Those two forces happen to be equal and opposite, thus the book is in equilibrium. But those two forces are not 3rd law pairs (action/reaction pairs).

The gravitational force on the book is exerted by the earth. The 3rd law pair to that force is an equal and opposite gravitational force exerted on the earth by the book. (They attract each other.)

The upward force of the table on the book is exerted by the table. The 3rd law pair to that force is an equal and opposite force exerted on the table by the book. (They push against each other.)
 Thanks DOC AL.This question was confusing me for a lot time.Thanks a lot.