|Nov4-06, 03:37 PM||#1|
Klein's Quartic Equation
There was an interesting discussion on this newsgroup last year covering
many aspects of Klein's quartic curve. At the time, John Baez mentioned
in his "This Week's Finds" posting that the curve is the solution to the
u^3 v + v^3 w + w^3 u = 0
but I couldn't quite see how to derive the topology from this. I made
some animations of the surface embedded in R^3 in various ways, but they
all started from the definition of the topology via a 14-gon in the
hyperbolic plane with some specified edge identifications.
Anyway, last weekend I sat down and really pondered the quartic equation,
and figured out a reasonably painless way to use it to get a handle on
the topology. The details (with lots of pictures) can be found at:
|Nov4-06, 03:37 PM||#2|
Greg Egan wrote:
> Anyway, last weekend I sat down and really pondered the quartic equation,
> and figured out a reasonably painless way to use it to get a handle on
> the topology.
After I read your article, I began to understand that Klein's quartic
equation really does describe a 2D manifold. This was not obvious to
me before, because it contains 3 complex variables (x,y,z), which
can be viewed as 6 real variables.
The equation itself kills off one complex variable (or 2 real ones). But
now I see the "projective geometry" (dividing away by an uninteresting
complex variable) kills off 2 more real variables, leaving only 2
degrees of freedom, which can be laid out on a 2D manifold!
I tried using your method on some other equations, such as the
x + y + z = 0
x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 0
Or more generally, the Fermat curves:
x^p + y^p + z^p = 0
These curves should produce some nice manifolds.
Your method seems to work, but I haven't got the answers yet.
Before struggling on, I thought maybe someone might give
some useful hints on this. After all, there are so many
pictures of Platonic solids on the web, and so few of Platonic
tilings of hyperbolic surfaces!
|Similar Threads for: Klein's Quartic Equation|
|Re: Klein's Quartic Equation||General Physics||2|
|quartic equation||Calculus & Beyond Homework||0|
|Re: Klein's Quartic Equation||General Physics||1|
|Klein's Quartic Equation||General Physics||3|