## the difference between system equili and system and steady state

Can anyone explain the difference between a system at equilibrium and a system at steady-state water flow?

I know that equilibrium occurs at equal rates, no net change is produced. But I don't understand steady state system....Please explain it to me.... Thanks

also the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity? I have hard time to understand these stuffs.. If anyone know these stuffs, can u please explain it to me. Thanks.

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 Equilibrium: dU/dx = 0 (usually this happens at extrema of potential energy).

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## the difference between system equili and system and steady state

 Originally posted by hi I know that equilibrium occurs at equal rates, no net change is produced.
OK, at first I thought you meant the "zero force" condition, but now I am thinking that you are referring to the continuity equation. That is because when you say "equal rates", it makes me think of "equal flow rates into and out of a volume".

So, that statement of equilibrium would be:

[nab].j+&part;&rho;/&part;t=0

 But I don't understand steady state system....Please explain it to me.... Thanks
I dug up the old Fluid Mechanics book (it's been about 10 years!) and looked up the mathematical definition of steady state. It is...

&part;A/&part;t=0

for any fluid property A. That would include the density &rho;, which reduces the continuity equation to:

[nab].j=0

 also the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity? I have hard time to understand these stuffs.. If anyone know these stuffs, can u please explain it to me. Thanks.
This I don't know. Our local "fluids" guy is Enigma; try sending him a PM.

edit: fixed &part; signs.

 I would call steady state a state at which power (rate of chande of energy dU/dt) is constant.