concentration/dilution problemby Benzoate Tags: None 

#1
Sep407, 04:21 PM

P: 569

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
What is [H1+] in a solution prepared by mixing the following solutions * 21.3 mL of 6.40 M HCl * 30.8 mL of 5.20 M HCl * 15.8 mL of 7.50 M HCl * 34.6 mL of water 2. Relevant equations C(final)= C(initial) * V(initial)/V(final). I think V(final) will be the volume of H2O for all 3 concentrations 3. The attempt at a solution C(final,1)= 7.50 M*(15.8 mL/34.6mL) = 3.42 M C(final,2) = (5.20 M) * (21.3 mL/34.6mL) = 3.20 M C(final,3)= 6.40 M * (30.8 mL/34.6mL)= 5.70 M C(final,total)= 5.70 M + 3.20 M + 3.42 M = 12.32 I don't think I calculated the concentration of [H+] correctly. 



#2
Sep407, 05:30 PM

Sci Advisor
HW Helper
PF Gold
P: 3,725

You need to correct this before you go any further. There are four liquids given in your problem. Assume no change of volume due to mixing. For example, 54 mL and 65 mL of two solutions combined will produce 119 mL of solution. Next you need to find the number of moles of acid added from each different solution. Express the concentration in terms of M (moles/liter). 



#3
Sep407, 06:29 PM

P: 569

here is my attempted solution: C(final ,1) =C(initial, 1) * (V(initial, 1)/V(final) C(final ,2) =C(initial, 2) * (V(initial, 2)/V(final) C(final ,3) =C(initial, 3) * (V(initial, 1)/V(final) C(final , total) =C(final ,1) + C(final ,2) + C(final ,3) 



#4
Sep407, 06:36 PM

P: 569

concentration/dilution problem 



#5
Sep407, 11:44 PM

Sci Advisor
HW Helper
PF Gold
P: 3,725

Another way to think of it would be to find the number of moles of HCl contributed by each of the four solutions.
#moles = concentration(moles/liter) X Volume (liters) Simply do this math for each of the solutions and sum the moles of HCl. Add the volume for each of the solutions to determine Vfinal. Remember, you are combining all of these solutions into one final solution. With that in mind, what significance does "C(final ,3)" or "C(final ,2)" or "C(final ,1)" have? Why are you performing this calculation? It doesn't make sense. and this, 



#6
Sep507, 09:52 AM

P: 106

Is the answer .13632g correct for part a)



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