Register to reply 
Circle of Curvature 
Share this thread: 
#1
Mar1709, 08:30 PM

P: 301

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I am given a space curve r(t)= t i + sin(t) j and point (pi/2,1). They ask me to find an equation for the circle of curvature. 2. Relevant equations Kappa, T, N, not sure 3. The attempt at a solution So I have found the radius of curvature which is row= 1/kappa= 1 at the given point. I have also found out T which is the unit tangent vector. Do I have to find the unit normal vector also ? How do I write the equation ? will it just be (xpi/2)^2 + (y1)^2 = 1 ?? 


#2
Mar1709, 08:50 PM

HW Helper
P: 3,307

Hi nns91
what do you need to define a circle in the plane?  a radius  a circle centre The equation of a cirlce of centre (a,b) and radius r is [tex] (xa)^2 + (yb)^2 = r^2 [/tex] You have your radius from [tex] r = \frac{1}{\kappa} [/tex] Also are you sure \kappa is 1? how did you get this? how do you find the centre of the circle? It is not (pi/2,1). This is a point on your curve. Think about the unit normal direction. 


#3
Mar1709, 08:52 PM

HW Helper
P: 3,307

you should also consider whether you curve is unit speed or whether you need to normalise...



#4
Mar1709, 09:16 PM

P: 301

Circle of Curvature
I calculate Kappa and got like sqrt(1+cos^2(t)) / sin(t). Then I substitute pi/2 for t and get 1. Am I right ??
I still don't get the relationship between center of circle and the unit normal direction. My curve is not a unite speed curve I think since it is r(t) instead of v(t) 


#5
Mar1709, 09:34 PM

HW Helper
P: 3,307

try drawing your curve and imagine where the circle sits, the tangent of the curve will match the tangent of the circle
the normal direction will point toward (or away) from the centre of the circle you curve is unit speed instanaeously at that point (calulate dr/dt, but not in general so you may need to be careful with your calcs and check what this affects... i'm not totally sure without looking back at the equations which I don't have handy Also i'm not too sure how you got it, but I think your curvature value is correct, if you are speaking about absolute curvature. If we are talking about signed curvature need to be careful as it could be + or  depending on how things are defined. 


#6
Mar1709, 09:42 PM

P: 301

WIll the normal direction point toward the center of the circle ?



#7
Mar1709, 11:07 PM

HW Helper
P: 3,307

either directly toward or directly away depending on your parameterisation & curvature definition



#8
Mar1709, 11:13 PM

P: 301

Then how do I find the center of the circle base on the normal vector ?



#9
Mar1809, 01:55 AM

HW Helper
P: 3,307

you have a point on the circle (ie the point on your curve) a direction to the centre (normal vector) and a radius (from you curvature).... should have everything you need



#10
Mar1809, 06:58 AM

P: 301

so the radius is the distance from the center to the point, so do I use the distance formula then ?



Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Curvature and Osculating circle  Calculus & Beyond Homework  0  
Radius of curvature of an offset circle  Calculus  0  
Simple circle circle collision detection  General Math  6  
Curvature Circle Proof  Calculus & Beyond Homework  0  
Geodesic Curvature (Curvature of a curve)  Differential Geometry  8 