# Calculus symbols

by The riddler
Tags: calculus, symbols
 P: 94 1. Hi, im learning calculus off the interenet so that i may learn more advanced physics equations, but sadly im being held back because i cannot find the meaning of the symbols without the explaination being based around some seemingly random equation like ∫ab x2 dx = b3/3 − a3/3 + blah blah Blah. So below im gonna post a few symbols that i want to learn and i don't understand, also can someone to explain to me on this youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EX_is9LzFSY what this guy is talking about in from 1:42 too 4:40. Please post the meaning of whichever one you can and thank you in advance . 2. ∫ ∇ ∮
 P: 1,397 Well, we can certainly explain what each of these symbols mean but unless you have the requisite mathematical knowledge, it won't help you very much. I would recommend getting a good calculus book to learn these things - if you want to do advanced physics, you need to know calculus very well. ∫ is called the integral sign and there are a lot of ways to define it. Perhaps the most common way is by Riemann or Darboux sums (the latter are easier to understand). You can find a fairly superficial treatment of the concept here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integral ∇ is called the del operator (it's a differential opperator). However, I you haven't encountered integrals before, you probably shouldn't be working with the del operator. If you're really inclined a definition is given here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Del From the video, it sounds like you're having difficulty with the limit concept. Intuitively, the limit of a function as x -> a is the value that the function approaches for x arbitrarily near a. For example, if f(x) = x/x, f(0) is undefined while lim (x -> 0) f(x) = 1. It sounds like you really do need to get a good calculus book and learn these things. It won't do you much good to only get a superficial understanding of the concepts, especially if you want to pursue upper level physics.
 P: 94 Yeah your probably right, when i first saw calculus i tried to relate it to the algebra i've learned but Calculus seems to have something to it that seems quite alien to me that i have not come across it before. Thanks jgens.
P: 211

## Calculus symbols

Yes, I think you need a good calculus book for beginners, starting with differentiation and integration. If you're seeing del operators in the same place it's probably too difficult for you....for now.

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