# Is now a good time to invest in solar?

by Artman
Tags: invest, solar, time
P: 1,591
 Quote by mheslep Really? More kWh on snow days than the Spring months? How do your sky facing arrays get ray line from the snow?
I'd have to draw that out myself, but they did. One of our highest instantaneous outputs that I saw on our monitor was 10.15 kw at 1:20 on Feb 18th a day with snow on the ground. Other snow days also did over 9 and 10 kw peak instantaneous outputs. On no-snow-sunny days the highest it goes is about design 8 to 9 kw. Today was a screaming sunny day and the best I saw was about 7.6 kw, but it held that longer and will probably end up around 50 kwh today. March did have one of our highest daily outputs of 57 kwh and earlier that week it had a peak day over 10 kw. But the snow on the ground days do appear to be good performers.
PF Gold
P: 2,994
 Quote by Artman I'd have to draw that out myself, but they did. One of our highest instantaneous outputs that I saw on our monitor was 10.15 kw at 1:20 on Feb 18th a day with snow on the ground. Other snow days also did over 9 and 10 kw peak instantaneous outputs. On no-snow-sunny days the highest it goes is about design 8 to 9 kw. Today was a screaming sunny day and the best I saw was about 7.6 kw,
Part of that is because of the 30-40 degree C temperature difference between then and now, but that still doesn't explain a nearly ~30% power swing, from a lower in the sky sun (then) to a higher one (now). Perhaps the panels have gotten a little dirty? A little banged up (from ice, blown debris)?
PF Gold
P: 1,366
 Quote by mheslep Part of that is because of the 30-40 degree C temperature difference between then and now, but that still doesn't explain a nearly ~30% power swing, from a lower in the sky sun (then) to a higher one (now). Perhaps the panels have gotten a little dirty? A little banged up (from ice, blown debris)?
Might be the fact that fresh snow has an albedo of almost 90%.

 Quote by mheslep Not sure how solar PV will help Artman to use any less oil in his next truck/car/airplane/train trip.
Leaf, Volt, Tesla Roadster or Model S.

Airplanes will have to wait for Ivan and his green slime fuel.

P: 129
Artman,

First off, congrats on the successful installation of your system, sounds like its running great!

I am looking into building a 10 kilowatt system. We have submitted an application to the Ontario Power Authority to get a contract in there microfit program. They pay 82 cents a kilowatt over a 20 year period. Still doing the research but submitted the application because it takes about 3 months to be processed.

 Quote by Artman Well, the hot air does do quite a hit on efficiency, our better days are around 49 or 50 kwh (down from 55 or 56 in the early Spring), but we seem to be able to eek a decent output from a longer cloudy day, getting up around 25 or 30 kwh.
So are you saying on days were its pretty much overcast all days and really no direct sunlight you get about 25 to 30 khw per day with your 8.8 kilowatt system? Have you ever got anything lower then 20 khw in a day?

 Quote by Artman One of the questions asked of the residential panel made up of home owners with solar arrays was: "Knowing what you know now, what would you do differently?" A man with a huge 28 kw ground mounted array said he would have had it set slightly higher. His is only 6" above the ground at the low end (mine is about 30"). He said snow bunched up around the bottom and he had to clear it. Have you worked our a rough average daily kwh generation rate yet for the 5-6 months you have been operation, or are you just happy with its performance now and letting it do its thing? A man with a 9.5 kw array mounted on the roof of a pole barn said he would ride past mine (he lives close by me) during those days following the heavy snows and see my solar array was clear of snow while his went for weeks with snow on it because the angle was too small (30 deg over horizontal, mine is 40 deg) and the roof was too high for him to clear them. He said If he had it to do over, he would put it on the ground at a steeper angle, similar to mine. .
I have been doing some calculations using declination and determining the the max and minimum angles of the suns position at noon. (with a little help from in another thread on this forum). I'm trying to work out a good angle to have them tilted at.

You say yours is about 40 degrees. Does it ever change or is it always angled at 40 degrees?
P: 1,591
 Quote by blimkie.k Artman, So are you saying on days were its pretty much overcast all days and really no direct sunlight you get about 25 to 30 khw per day with your 8.8 kilowatt system? Have you ever got anything lower then 20 khw in a day?
We had 3 days below 30 kWh in June the lowest of those was 7.64 kWh, probably raining. The other 2 low days were above 20 kWh. In May we had 7 days below 30 kWh, the lowest of those was 8.16 kWh, one was 11.59 kWh the rest of the low days were above 20 kWh.

 Quote by blimkie.k I have been doing some calculations using declination and determining the the max and minimum angles of the suns position at noon. (with a little help from in another thread on this forum). I'm trying to work out a good angle to have them tilted at. You say yours is about 40 degrees. Does it ever change or is it always angled at 40 degrees?
Ours has a fixed position. Always due south, always 40 deg tilt.

Good luck with it if you decide to go ahead. Ours has worked out well so far.

PF Gold
P: 2,994
 Quote by OmCheeto Might be the fact that fresh snow has an albedo of almost 90%.
Of course, but the panels are not pointed at the snow. Is there significant flux in atmospheric scatter? I dunno.

 Leaf,
Not yet
 Volt,
Not yet
$109k  or Model S. Not yet  Airplanes will have to wait for Ivan and his green slime fuel. E-planes are certainly years away, but I think they're coming. Maybe fuel cells for awhile, but definitely e-motors. Just too many advantages. DS-94 Fan, about 4KW per Kg power density. http://www.electraflyer.com/gallery/...e_electric.swf Of course Artman's panels would have to put in some overtime to charge the full size version. PF Gold P: 1,366  Quote by mheslep Of course, but the panels are not pointed at the snow. Is there significant flux in atmospheric scatter? I dunno. At 40 degrees from horizontal, the panels will be 140 degrees from the plane of snow. They would still catch light at that angle. Also, as I noted back in February: x axis is 'C, y axis is watts, ignore T < 30'C per the author. The temperature of the panels changes their output significantly. I know that when I set mine up in the summer to water the volley ball courts at the beach, you could fry eggs on them. 450 watts/750 watts = 60% I'd say Artman's panels must be better than my old Kyoceras with only a 30% reduction in output. Ah ha! You could almost interpolate the panel temperatures from his panel's data sheet:  NOCT 25'C Power %/'C -0.45 30%/0.45% + 25'C = 92'C Yup. Probably could have fried eggs on them.  Leaf Not yet My laptop sounded like a pachinko machine the day they started taking reservations: All were announcing they'd put in reservations.  Volt Not yet True, but there are plenty of hybrids out.  Roadster$109k
 S
Not yet
Good timing:

With a little cash on hand, maybe they can ramp up production = economies of scale <> $109k/vehicle  E-planes are certainly years away, but I think they're coming. Maybe fuel cells for awhile, but definitely e-motors. Just too many advantages. DS-94 Fan, about 4KW per Kg power density. http://www.electraflyer.com/gallery/...e_electric.swf Of course Artman's panels would have to put in some overtime to charge the full size version. I want one of those. PF Gold P: 2,994  Quote by OmCheeto At 40 degrees from horizontal, the panels will be 140 degrees from the plane of snow. They would still catch light at that angle. Yes, but only diffuse light. Nothing normal to the plane of the panel. So the question is what is the impact of diffuse light. I dunno. Per Artman's results there likely is some impact.  True, but there are plenty of hybrids out. Not Plug In Hybrids. Solar panels don't help regular hybrids at all, can't plug them in.  With a little cash on hand, maybe they can ramp up production = economies of scale <>$109k/vehicle
The cost is in the very large, custom cooled battery pack they're using (220 miles worth at full charge). The li ion laptop style batteries used by Tesla are already made in very large quantity.

 I want one of those.
Me too
PF Gold
P: 1,366
 Quote by mheslep Yes, but only diffuse light. Nothing normal to the plane of the panel. So the question is what is the impact of diffuse light. I dunno. Per Artman's results there likely is some impact
Two words: Skiers Tan:

 Not Plug In Hybrids. Solar panels don't help regular hybrids at all, can't plug them in.
Hymotion can convert a Prius into a plug in hybrid in two hours. Why can't auto manufacturers do that? Is there a patent?
 The cost is in the very large, custom cooled battery pack they're using (220 miles worth at full charge). The li ion laptop style batteries used by Tesla are already made in very large quantity.
Good observation. Why are we powering cars with batteries designed for laptops?
PF Gold
P: 2,994
 Quote by OmCheeto Two words: Skiers Tan:
I always thought that was from being above 2/3 of the atmosphere at high elevation and loosing UV protection. I don't see skiers tans close to sea level no matter how much or how long the snow's on the ground, but maybe I'm not looking.

 Hymotion can convert a Prius into a plug in hybrid in two hours. [...]
Expensive toy I expect ($10k for the conversion?) Small battery, takes up the cargo room, etc. http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/news/4215681  Good observation. Why are we powering cars with batteries designed for laptops? Tesla was the first out of the gate 5-6 years ago. That's all that was available then. PF Gold P: 2,994 Another price update:  According to Harry Fleming, the CEO of Acro Energy Technologies in Oakdale, CA, these changes mean that the cost of a typical five-kilowatt rooftop solar system has dropped from$22,000 after state incentives are applied ($40,000 without them) to$16,000 in the last 18 months. Prices are expected to fall to $13,000 by the end of the year ($25,000 without incentives). "This is going to make solar a middle-class product," he says.
i.e. $2.6 per peak Watt installed, with incentives. About 15 years payback given average US electric rates, even without SRECs. Compared to last year's cost for a 8.8KW system in NJ:  Quote by Artman [...] Installed price$74,020 NJ Buy down rebate -$15,400 Subtotal$58,620 Permit fees $500 Subtotal$59,120 Federal Tax credit -$17,736 Total$41,384
Or $4.7 / peak Watt installed. That's a 44% cost decline in 2 years. I smell some kind of Moore's law effect here.  P: 1,591 Sold our first SRECs for$665.04 each. We had 3 qualifying so we made $1995.12 (minus the 3% service charge to SRECTrade for selling them) for a total of$1935.26. That's more than a year's worth of our old electric bills ($1800). PF Gold P: 1,366  Quote by mheslep Yes, but only diffuse light. Nothing normal to the plane of the panel. So the question is what is the impact of diffuse light. I dunno. Per Artman's results there likely is some impact. I am quite certain that I am reverting back to my nerd-like childhood. Yesterday I did experiments on my solar panels whilst I could have been sitting at the beach. a. Solar panel output is, not surprisingly, directly proportional to the face area of direct sunlight. b. Nerdish fact that I'd forgotten: One must place a plane 60' out of perpendicular with the sun before area drops to 1/2. c. at an angle of 40', Artman's panels would be absorbing 64.3% of the full energy reflected by the snow. (assuming an infinite backyard ) d. the albedo of my lawn is ~11.4%(8.76% output, fully shaded, @ ~56.3' angle from horizontal) PF Gold P: 2,994  Quote by OmCheeto c. at an angle of 40', Artman's panels would be absorbing 64.3% of the full energy reflected by the snow. There you are then; I suppose that explains the power boost w/ snow on the ground. That, and the cold temperatures which improve efficiency.  P: 1 It is definitely a good time to take a solar heater.Since they already announced that you need to use the things like green energy sources this would be the best time... Solar hot water  P: 1,591 We just signed up to increase insulation in our attic, replace our AC unit with a High performance HP that can heat effectively down to 30 below 0, and install a Heat Pump Domestic Water Heater with resistance backup. The insulation, higher efficiency HP equipment, and switch to Heat pump water heater should allow for zero impact on our electrical usage and allow us to eliminate most fossil fuel use in our our house (Oil fired boiler would remain as a backup, but probably won't ever run.) Basically, we are soon to be all solar powered. This all happened as a result of the required energy audit that was performed as part of the solar installation process. There is an Energy Star NJ rebate program that will pay$3000 towards the changes and another NJ State program that will give a \$10,000 no interest loan for 10 years. Conservative payback estimates are for 20 years, I would guess closer to 10 years just from our oil savings potential and more efficient AC. The Acadia Air-to-Air Heat Pump is supposed to be almost as efficient as geothermal, without the cost for wells. Acadia Heat Pump
 P: 1 I have work in the big company and I'd like to propose to use this solar energy. Can you help how to make a proposal. Do you have a study that this is now a good time to switch into solar ? Please help.
Mentor
P: 21,886
 Quote by marcos248272 I have work in the big company and I'd like to propose to use this solar energy. Can you help how to make a proposal. Do you have a study that this is now a good time to switch into solar ? Please help.
There is no blanket answer to that question. Every case must be considered on an individual basis.

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