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## A total differential

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Manufacturing plants create rolls of metal of a desired gauge (thickness)
by feeding the metal through very large rollers. The thickness, g (mm),
of the resulting metal depends on the gap, r (mm), between the working
rollers, the speed, s (m/s), at which the rollers turn and the temperature,
t (oC), of the metal.
(i) Write down an expression for the total differential of the gauge
function g. In a few words, explain what this total differential
represents.

(ii) For a certain metal, a gauge of 4mm is produced by a roller gap
of 4mm, a speed of 10m/s and a temperature of 900oC. Experi-
ments show that for the same metal, an increase in speed of 0.2m/s
increases the gauge by 0.06mm and an increase in temperature of
10oC decreases the gauge by 0.04mm. Use a linearization of the
gauge function to estimate the gauge of this metal at a roller gap of
4mm, a roller speed of 10.1m/s and a metal temperature of 880oC.

2. Relevant equations
For this the total differential would be: dg=(dg/dr)*dr + (dg/ds)*ds + (dg/dt)*dt (Eq. 1)

3. The attempt at a solution
I have been trying to get the general equation relating all the variables to the gauge thickness 'g.' Haven't been very successful though. Am I on the right track if I equate dg in the instance where an increase in speed of 0.2m/s as; 0.06= (dg/ds)*10, as all the other variables are not changing, hence they are replaced with 0. This is in relation to Eq. 1 (the total differential). Please help, I'm running around in circles here it seems!

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