# Equilibrium

by physicsss
Tags: equilibrium
 P: 322 Two lightweight rods d = 23 cm are mounted perpendicular to an axle and at 180° to each other. (Fig. 11-24). At the end of each rod is a 700 g mass. The rods are spaced 40 cm apart along the axle. The axle rotates at 41 rad/s. http://www.geocities.com/sinceury/11-24alt.gif (a) What is the component of the total angular momentum along the axle? (b) What angle does the vector angular momentum make with the axle? [Hint: Remember that the vector angular momentum must be calculated about the same point for both masses.]
 P: 322 No one can help? =(
 P: 4,003 Well the quantity that you will need in order to answer your questions is the rotational inertia or moment of inertia given by: $$I = \Sigma_{i} m_{i}r_{i}^2$$ r is distance between origin and position of the mass. Mass1 is the right hand side-rod and mass2 is the other one. So we have (in the right units ofcourse) : $$I = 0,7 * 0,23^2 + 0,7(0.4^2 + 0.23^2)$$ mass = 0.7 kg d_1 = 0.23 m d_2 = sqrt(0.4²+0.23²) Then you need to find the designated formula's( as a function of I) for calculation your questions. marlon good luck
P: 322

## Equilibrium

So I calculated the angular around the center of mass:

L=I*w
L=0.7*v*r, and v=d*w

So L=0.7*0.23*41*sqrt(0.4²+0.23²)

So the total angular momentum is 2 times the above...but I was told that it's wrong. Any ideas?
P: 4,003
 Quote by physicsss So I calculated the angular around the center of mass: L=I*w L=0.7*v*r, and v=d*w So L=0.7*0.23*41*sqrt(0.4²+0.23²) So the total angular momentum is 2 times the above...but I was told that it's wrong. Any ideas?
Well that is because the I that i calculated is not with respect to the center of mass but with respect to the origin.

If we calculate with respect to the centre of mass(positioned at the intersection of the diagonal between the two masses and the axis.) you would get :

$$I = 0.7*(0.2^2 + 0.23^2) + 0.7*(0.2^2 + 0.23^2)$$

marlon
 P: 322 If you times that by the angular speed of the rod, then you would get the answer for a, right? But I got it wrong...
 P: 4,003 yes, what should you get ??? what is the answer ??? Normally it should work marlon
 P: 322 I don't know, but the online homework submission thingy is not accpting my answer. =( Also, I'm getting different answers with the way you did it and the way I did it...
 P: 4,003 Look you are gonna have to be more specific here. What did you get ??? marlon
 P: 4,003 Sorry, but i made a mistake in the distance from the two masses to the axis. In the formula for I the r represents the PERPENDICULAR distance to the axis so this is just 0,23 meters. $$I = 0.7 * 0.23^2 + 0.7 * 0.23^2$$ try this one marlon
 P: 4,003 Am i right now ??? maybe someone else can help us out here... marlon
 P: 322 nope =( Can someone jump in and help?
P: 4,003
 Quote by physicsss So I calculated the angular around the center of mass: L=I*w L=0.7*v*r, and v=d*w So L=0.7*0.23*41*sqrt(0.4²+0.23²) So the total angular momentum is 2 times the above...but I was told that it's wrong. Any ideas?
But it is just L = I * w and w = 41 rad/sec. Just multiply the two...

marlon

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