Pendulum/Simple Harmonic Motion, what is its energy of motion?


by nicoleb14
Tags: pendulum, shm
nicoleb14
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#1
Nov16-11, 02:09 AM
P: 11
A 1.2 kg mass attached to a spring oscillates with an amplitude of 5.1 cm and a frequency of 2.1 Hz. What is its energy of motion?

I just have to use KE=1/2mv^2 right?
do I have to involve the amplitude?
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grzz
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#2
Nov16-11, 02:15 AM
P: 939
In SHM the KE is continually varying. So you are asking for the MAX KE, right?
nicoleb14
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#3
Nov16-11, 02:28 AM
P: 11
I just need the energy of motion, so i guess that means KE max?

technician
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#4
Nov16-11, 02:50 AM
P: 1,506

Pendulum/Simple Harmonic Motion, what is its energy of motion?


The KE max will be the total energy of the motion.
You are correct to use KE=1/2mv^2 but you need an expression for vmax in simple harmonic motion. You will need to find the spring constant (stiffness) and use this to find the max velocity.
Do you know these equations?
grzz
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#5
Nov16-11, 02:52 AM
P: 939
What is the max linear velocity in SHM?
nicoleb14
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#6
Nov16-11, 03:02 AM
P: 11
Vmax=Aw
grzz
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#7
Nov16-11, 03:04 AM
P: 939
Then you can find max ke = (1/2)mv^2 and use v = Aw
nicoleb14
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#8
Nov16-11, 03:15 AM
P: 11
thank you sooo muuuch!!!!! :D
PeterO
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#9
Nov16-11, 03:19 AM
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Quote Quote by nicoleb14 View Post
A 1.2 kg mass attached to a spring oscillates with an amplitude of 5.1 cm and a frequency of 2.1 Hz. What is its energy of motion?

I just have to use KE=1/2mv^2 right?
do I have to involve the amplitude?
Is this mass hanging from the spring, or is this whole situation taking place horizontally??
nicoleb14
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#10
Nov16-11, 03:27 AM
P: 11
the problem doesnt say
PeterO
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#11
Nov16-11, 03:55 AM
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Quote Quote by nicoleb14 View Post
the problem doesnt say
Assuming it is vertical, there is a constant interchange of elastic energy in the spring, gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy.

The total of them at any time will be constant.

That might be what is meant by the energy of the motion.

Even if the situation is horizontal [so no change in gravitational potential energy] there is a steady interchange between elastic potential energy and kinetic energy.


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