# Chiral currents of a Dirac plane wave

by Slereah
Tags: chiral, currents, dirac, plane, wave
 P: 7 I am currently trying to check the formula for the chiral current of the Dirac equation for a plane wave solution (found here ), that is, $j_{R}^\mu = \psi_R^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_R$ $j_{L}^\mu = \psi_L^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_L$ With $\psi_R = I( \cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) + \sigma^i n_i \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2})) \xi e^{ix^\mu p_\mu}$ $\psi_R = I( \cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) - \sigma^i n_i \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2})) \xi e^{ix^\mu p_\mu}$ χ being the rest frame spinor, θ the rapidity and n the direction of the momentum. So for the right-handed current, I get $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_R = ([\cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) + \vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n} \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2}) ] \xi)^\dagger \sigma^\mu [\cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) + \vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n} \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2}) ] \xi$ $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_R = \cosh^2(\frac{\theta}{2}) \xi^\dagger \sigma^\mu \xi + \cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2}) \xi^\dagger( \sigma^\mu (\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n}) + (\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n}) \sigma^\mu ) \xi + \sinh^2(\frac{\theta}{2}) \xi^\dagger (\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n}) \sigma^\mu (\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n}) \xi$ Using the following hyperbolic identities, $\sinh^2(\frac{\theta}{2}) = \frac{1}{2} [\cosh(\theta) - 1] = \frac{1}{2} [\gamma - 1]$ $\cosh^2(\frac{\theta}{2}) = \frac{1}{2} [\cosh(\theta) + 1] = \frac{1}{2} [\gamma + 1]$ $\cosh(\frac{\theta}{2}) \sinh(\frac{\theta}{2}) = \frac{1}{2} \sinh(\theta) = \frac{1}{2} \beta \gamma$ And defining the spin vector $\xi^\dagger \sigma^\mu \xi = s^\mu = (1,\vec{s})$ I get the following : $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_R = \frac{1}{2} [ \gamma \xi^\dagger (\sigma^\mu + \sigma^i \sigma^\mu \sigma_i ) \xi + \xi^\dagger (\sigma^\mu -\sigma^i \sigma^\mu \sigma_i ) \xi + \beta_i \gamma \xi^\dagger \{\sigma^\mu, \sigma^i\} \xi ]$ $\beta_i$ being $\beta n_i$, and $\sigma^i \sigma^\mu \sigma_i$ coming from $(\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n}) \sigma^\mu (\vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{n})$ (I can't find the exact proof to show it to be so, but I think this is correct - though it may be the problem). So far this is pretty much the results indicated. But then, if I try finding out the results using this identity : $\sigma^i \sigma^\mu \sigma_i = \bar{\sigma}^\mu$ I finally get this formula : $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^\mu \psi_R = \frac{1}{2} [ \gamma \xi^\dagger (\sigma^\mu + \bar{\sigma}^\mu) \xi + \xi^\dagger (\sigma^\mu -\bar{\sigma}^\mu ) \xi + \beta_i \gamma \xi^\dagger \{\sigma^\mu, \sigma^i\} \xi ]$ Which gives the following components for the current : $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^0 \psi_R = \gamma \xi^\dagger \xi + \beta_i \gamma \xi^\dagger \sigma^i \xi = \gamma + \gamma \beta_i s^i$ Which is the correct result, but for the spatial components I find $\psi_R^\dagger \sigma^j \psi_R = \xi^\dagger \sigma^j \xi + \beta^j \gamma \xi^\dagger \xi = s^j + \beta^j \gamma$ Which according to the book lacks a term in $+ (\gamma-1) \beta^i s_i \beta^j$, unless I am misinterpreting the notation used (the results are page 16).