Register to reply 
Impedance for seriesparallel RLC circuit problem 
Share this thread: 
#1
Sep912, 01:36 AM

#2
Sep912, 02:53 AM

Mentor
P: 11,846

Keep in mind that impedances are complex quantities (real + imaginary components). For the reactive components (capacitor, inductor), the reactances you've calculated above (XC, XL) are the magnitudes of their impedances without the "angle" information. Include the imaginary constant j where appropriate and then carry out the complex arithmetic. 


#3
Sep912, 08:50 AM

P: 5

gneill, I would like to thank you for taking the time to post a response to my thread. Unfortunately I would need more than that to get any further in this problem. There are many different formulas and I am just lost.
I have been trying to figure this problem out since Thursday. I have spent over 14 hours looking for an example to show me how to solve a seriesparallel RLC circuit. I know that I am missing a lot of pieces here, and I am not sure what the angle is anymore. I am taking this course online so no professor and no teaching. You Just read the book and figure it out yourself. Well there is no clear example or explanation in the book for how and what to do and no Instructor to ask for help. damien 2 


#4
Sep912, 10:14 AM

Mentor
P: 11,846

Impedance for seriesparallel RLC circuit problem
The intrinsic impedances of the components are:
ZR = R ZL = jωL ZC = 1/(jωC) where ##j = \sqrt{1}## These impedances can be manipulated just like resistance values in all the usual analysis formulas, the difference being that you follow the rules of complex arithmetic. So, if you consider just the components R2, L, and C, can you determine the net impedance for their parallel connection? 


#5
Sep912, 10:35 AM

P: 5

gneill,
I do appreciate you trying to help but I already solved for Zp isn't that my impedance of the parallel combination? I need to determine the formula to get the phase angle, figure out how to convert Zp into rectangular form. Once I have Zp in rectangular form I can solve for Zt(=Zp+R1). Convert that into polar form; use that to find the I(=Vs/Zt). After 14 hours on this problem I would bet on my chances to solve a simple division problem. I am beyond frustrated so forgive me for not understanding or not seeming appreciative, I am toast. 


#6
Sep912, 10:46 AM

Mentor
P: 11,846

You can't combine reactances in the way you did to find the parallel impedance; it doesn't take into account relative 'angles' of the individual impedances. This is akin to why you can't just add the magnitudes of complex numbers to obtain the overall magnitude of the sum. You have to carry through the complex arithmetic and then find the magnitude of the result. 


#7
Sep912, 10:56 AM

#8
Sep912, 11:17 AM

Mentor
P: 11,846




#9
Sep912, 11:33 AM

P: 5

thanks for the help gneill, unfortunately I don't believe you realize that this is my first AC circuit class and I have never taken a math class above algebra. You keep saying to solve for this or that but the problem is I don't know the formula or procedure to do that. I just trying to dissect the problem I have so I can see the process. You are saying to solve for intrinsic impedence, That method has not been used in the book yet. Formulas and steps are what I need. I need the for dummies version.



#10
Sep912, 11:49 AM

Mentor
P: 11,846

I spelled out the intrinsic impedances for the components in post #4. These are the things that you plug in in place of 'resistance' in all the usual circuit analysis formulas (like Ohm's law, etc.).
Have you not covered complex arithmetic? If not, there are webbased tutorials if you do a search for "complex arithmetic tutorial". There are also online complex arithmetic calculators (to take the drudgery out of doing it by hand). Once you have the impedance for the parallel components you'll be left with a voltage divider configuration: From this you can find Vp, the voltage across the parallel components. With that and their individual impedances you can calculate their individual currents using Ohm's law. 


Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Finding the parallel impedance in a circuit  Engineering, Comp Sci, & Technology Homework  4  
Seriesparallel tank circuit resonance condition and impedance  Electrical Engineering  26  
Impedance of a parallel RC circuit?  Electrical Engineering  10  
Calculating impedance for parallel circuit  Calculus & Beyond Homework  1  
Series and Parallel Circuit Problem  Introductory Physics Homework  2 