Differential Equations  Mixture in an overflowing tankby proctortom Tags: application problems, concentration, differential eqn 

#1
Sep2812, 01:19 AM

P: 12

HOW IS THE FOLLOWING QUESTION DONE?
Milk chocolate is being produced in a 300 litre tank, which initially contains 100 litres of milk. The following things then occur simultaneously: 1. Liquid cocoa (made up of equal parts cocoa solids and cocoa butter, both in liquid form) is added at a rate of 6 litres per minute. 2. Milk is added at a rate of 3 litres per minute. The wellstirred mixture leaves the tank via a tube, at a rate of 6 litres per minute. Let x(t) be the amount of cocoa solids in the mixture The differential equation is dx/dt + 6x / (100 + 3t) = 3 ......Therefore...... x(t) = (9t^3 + 900t^2 + 30,000t) / (3t + 100)^2 After the tank is full, the process continues as above. However, in addition to the wellstirred mixture leaving via the tube, it also flows over the edges of the tank and is collected by overflow tubing which takes it to the cooling process. Let y(t) be the number of litres of cocoa solids present in the tank t minutes after it is full. Find the differential equation satisfied by y(t) 



#2
Sep2812, 10:12 AM

Homework
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Thanks ∞
P: 9,151

Not sure about the = 3 in your first eqn. Shouldn't it be 6?
The soln doesn't look quite right to me. Did you check it satisfied the differential eqn? Please show your attempt at the last part. 



#3
Sep2912, 09:47 AM

P: 2

It is 3 because proctortom is asking for cocoa solids. dx/dt = rate of cocoa solids in  rate of cocoa solids out. Which is dx/dt = 3 [Liquid cocoa (made up of equal parts cocoa solids and cocoa butter, both in liquid form) is added at a rate of 6 litres per minute]  (x/100+3t)*6 = dx/dt + 6x/100+3t = 3
I also get stuck in finding the differential equation satisfied by y(t). The eqn should be dy/dt (3/100)*(100y). But I don't know how to get to this ! 



#4
Oct112, 09:56 PM

P: 2

Differential Equations  Mixture in an overflowing tank
dy/dt = rate in  rate out
rate in = 3L/m (cocoa solids going into mixture) rate out = concentration x flow rate out = amount/volume x flow rate out where the flow rate out must equal the flow rate in as the tank is remaining full! (6L/m via tube and 3L/m via overflow tubing) = y/300 * 9 = 3y/100 so dy/dt = 3  3y/100 = 3/100 (100  y) 


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