# Euler Bernoulli Beam 4th order ODE -Balance of Units

by bugatti79
Tags: balance, beam, bernoulli, euler, order, units
 P: 660 Folks, I am trying to understand the balance of units for this eqn ## \displaystyle \frac{d^2}{dx^2}(E(x)I(x) \frac{d^2 w(x)}{dx^2})+c_f(x)w(x)=q(x)## where ##E## is the modulus of Elasticity, ##I## is the second moment of area, ##c_f## is the elastic foundation modulus, ##w## is deflection and ##q## is the distributed transverse load. Based on the above I calculate the units to be ## \displaystyle \frac{d^2}{dx^2}[\frac{N}{m^2} m^4 \frac{d^2 m}{dx^2}]+\frac{N}{m^2} m=\frac{N}{m}## gives ##\displaystyle {Nm^3} +\frac{N}{m}=\frac{N}{m}## ##LHS \ne RHS##....?
 HW Helper P: 1,391 The derivatives ##\frac{d^2}{dx^2}## have units of ##1/m^2##.
P: 660
 Quote by Mute The derivatives ##\frac{d^2}{dx^2}## have units of ##1/m^2##.
Ok, I see how they balance now. The question I have is how is this shown mathematically that the 2nd derivatives have ##1/m^2## units?

##f(x)= f(units in meters)##
##f'(x)= f(units in meters)##
##f''(x)= f(units in meters)##....?

 Math Emeritus Sci Advisor Thanks PF Gold P: 39,682 Euler Bernoulli Beam 4th order ODE -Balance of Units df/dx is defined as $\lim_{h\to 0} (f(x+h)- f(x))/h$. The numerator is in what ever units h has. The denominator is in whatever unis x has- "meters" in your case- so the derivative has the units of f divided by the units of x and the second derivative has units of units of f divided by the units of x, squared. Surely you learned this in basic Calculus? if f(t) is a distance function, with units "meters" and t is time, in "seconds", then df/dt is a speed with units "meters per second" and d2f/dt2 is an acceleration with units of "meters per second squared".

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