Friction when wheel slip is zero

by lemd
Tags: friction, slip, wheel
 P: 24 Most graphs show that when wheel slip is zero then the friction is zero. But I can't get it, as when the vehicle stand still on slope, the friction keeps the vehicle from going down hill Could someone explain for me?
 P: 44 The slip ratio is (car speed - wheel speed)/(car speed), so when the car and wheels are stopped the slip ratio doesn't really make sense to define. The above graph above will only help you when you know the slip ratio, if not you'll need another graph (maybe someone else measured the static friction of the tyre?).
 P: 24 Thanks, So let say car speed and wheel speed are not zero, slip ratio is still zero when car speed equals wheel speed, and friction is zero. I can't get it, how can friction be zero?
 P: 44 Friction when wheel slip is zero Friction of zero means that whatever the normal load on the tyre, it cannot generate any longitudinal force. Or another way to look at it, in order for the tyre to generate a non-zero longitudinal force the slip ratio must be non-zero.
 P: 24 Yes, I knew that, but the problem is, I can not get it. Imagine a car moving at a constant speed with no slip on tire. So there is only static friction, no kinetic friction. Now the engine accelerates the wheel and the wheel should rotate faster. If this accelerated force is under the static friction limit, then the wheel will not slip, and it will rotate faster. The problem is that is model is completely wrong according to the above graph, no slip means no acceleration, but why? That is how I cant get it
 Sci Advisor Thanks P: 1,781 You can see static friction as a static activation force that must be overcome to enter the regime of dynamic friction. Since with static friction there is by definition no relative movement, no work is being done. Once the static friction threshold has been overcome, dynamic friction will begin to generate heat at the sliding contact.
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P: 6,959
I would expect those curves were not measured for a car driving on a road. It is more likely they were just one wheel running on a rolling road, with the motors adjusted to drive the wheel and the road at a constant relative speed, while measuring the motor torques to calculate the friction.

In that situation, if there was no slip the motor torques would be very small, so the curve looks like it goes through zero, even if it doesn't go exactly through zero.

The first part of the curve says is that to maintain a constant very small amount of slip (say 1%) and driving at constant speed, you can only apply a very small amount of engine power.

To relate these curves to the performance of a real car on a real road, you also need to factor in the mass of the car and the friction force required to accelerate the car. If you did that, the curves would look different, but the basic message remains the same, to get maximum acceleration, you need a small but controlled amount of slip.

The control system on the car probably doesn't use the "curve" to do any clever math. I expect it just measures what the car is doing, and adjusts the gas pedal to keep the slip from getting too big, rather like an ABS braking system but for acceleration not braking.

 Launch control is a function within the Traction Control system designed to automate standing starts to maximise the initial acceleration. It is activated by pressing a button on the dashboard when the car is stationary. This will bring in a secondary rev-limit (for example 4000 rpm). The throttle can be fully depressed without over-revving the engine. The car is put into gear, the throttle floored, and then the clutch is engaged, whilst the launch control system controls the wheelspin and revs for the perfect start. On a turbo car, if the launch control is active, and full throttle is given for two to three seconds, the boost pressure will build up before the clutch is released, resulting in stunning off-the-line performance.
from http://www.albi-engineering.nl/Elect...n_control.html (which is where the OP's graph came from)

Some SUVs with 4WD already have similar systems, but they are designed to control the vehicle at low speeds driving off-road, not for road racing.

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