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Personality Disorders

by Naranja
Tags: disorders, personality
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Naranja
#1
Jul3-14, 10:15 PM
P: 10
How fixed are they? Are they ever cured, especially anti-social personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, or they all just life long?

Are they genetic or from trauma? Is the biological medical model true for some cases while the trauma model (sexual abuse, neglect, etc) is true for others?

Psychiatrists treat personality disorders with medications. Is psychotherapy helpful for treating and maybe curing them?
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Student100
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Jul4-14, 01:49 AM
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There is no "cure" for mental illness. Much like cancer, success is measured in episodic remission.

No one really knows what causes mental illness, most likely it's some combination of factors that must be present. Psychiatry, or medical science for that matter, is an ever evolving and relatively young field of study.

Again, there is no cure, but psychiatrists are medical doctors that are trained in using the DSM and prescribing medications to help control and treat mental illness.

Psychologists and other practitioners of mental therapy (holistic therapists) are based on much flimsier science, if any at all.
SteamKing
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Jul4-14, 05:03 AM
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Quote Quote by Naranja View Post
How fixed are they? Are they ever cured, especially anti-social personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, or they all just life long?

Are they genetic or from trauma? Is the biological medical model true for some cases while the trauma model (sexual abuse, neglect, etc) is true for others?

Psychiatrists treat personality disorders with medications. Is psychotherapy helpful for treating and maybe curing them?
Some mental disorders, like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, may have a genetic component in their appearance in certain individuals.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorder

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophrenia

Certain traumas to the head can lead to changes in personality over the course of a person's life. In particular, repeated blows to the head seem to produce cumulative damage to the brain, which in turn can lead to dementia as a person ages, even though the trauma may have ceased years before the onset of symptoms.

Our knowledge of the brain is far from complete, so figuring out how much a certain personality disorder may be due to genetics, or trauma, or abuse of some kind, or a combination of factors, is often not possible.

Naranja
#4
Jul4-14, 09:16 AM
P: 10
Personality Disorders

I'm talking about the personality disorders as shown in Axis 2 of the DSM-IV. They are fixed and from childhood or birth. For, anti-social personality disorder as an adult, you have to have what is called a conduct disorder before age 15. That's where you hurt animals, start fires, fight a lot, do criminal things, etc. as a young person.

Then you become ASPD as an adult whereby you manipulate others, lie constantly, do criminal acts, and have no empathy at all for your victims. Also, you have no insight that it is wrong. You just don't see that being evil is wrong although you fear being caught and exposed.

I'm wondering if these people ever get cured, but almost all never will because they don't want to change and don't see that they have a problem. They would blame they're parents or others for being in prison.

Borderline personality disorder is different. It is where someone has ongoing identity crisis. They want to be some other race or ethnicity. Plus, they can really like you a lot one second whereby they idolize you; then they can hate you to death because of some perceived slight. It's an extreme all-or-nothing view. There are other traits to it as well, but all of that is in the Diagnostic Manual (DSM). I'm wondering if these people ever get cured in psychotherapy.
Naranja
#5
Jul4-14, 10:16 AM
P: 10
Quote Quote by Student100 View Post
There is no "cure" for mental illness. Much like cancer, success is measured in episodic remission.
By episodic remission, you're talking an individual case that gets better or "cured" for an unexplained reason, right? Has there ever been an episodic remission of a group of people?

I read that the DSM-5 puts the illnesses in the same group that were previously separated into Axis 1 and Axis 2 disorders in the DSM-IV-TR, but for some reason I still separate them in my mind. I've never heard of schizophrenia or bipolar illness being cured. I guess the same would be for a personality disorder.

I do believe that the mind can be healed and that psychology is a real science though.
AlephZero
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Jul4-14, 11:41 AM
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Quote Quote by Naranja View Post
I'm talking about the personality disorders as shown in Axis 2 of the DSM-IV. They are fixed and from childhood or birth. For, anti-social personality disorder as an adult, you have to have what is called a conduct disorder before age 15. That's where you hurt animals, start fires, fight a lot, do criminal things, etc. as a young person.

Then you become ASPD as an adult whereby you manipulate others, lie constantly, do criminal acts, and have no empathy at all for your victims. Also, you have no insight that it is wrong. You just don't see that being evil is wrong although you fear being caught and exposed.
The map is not the territory. The DSM is only a map, and it keeps being redrawn. It's a very profitable map: the American Psychiatric Association makes $5m a year selling copies of it.

The clue is in the word "disorder". Replace that by "we don't understand it, but people who behave like that don't match our ideas about how society should function, so we can make money from trying to change it".
Naranja
#7
Jul4-14, 12:05 PM
P: 10
Aleph Zero,

Are you that there is no mental illness? That people are just different? They shouldn't be treated or changed?

I'm not sure that I agree. Some of those medicines keep people alive and able to support themselves financially.
B0b-A
#8
Jul4-14, 12:28 PM
P: 74
Quote Quote by Naranja View Post
... anti-social personality disorder as an adult, you have to have what is called a conduct disorder before age 15. That's where you hurt animals, start fires, fight a lot, do criminal things, etc. as a young person ... They would blame they're parents or others for being in prison.
They might be right : the characteristics of ASPD are consistent with someone normalized to neglect and abuse , (during their formative years).
neyzentanburi
#9
Jul4-14, 05:35 PM
P: 5
anti-social personality disorder is an organic brain disorder.
brain scans show they have different brains than normal people.
they have low serotonin and high dopamin levels in their spinal fluid.
it can be treated with SSRIs plus low doses of antipsychotics.
Student100
#10
Jul4-14, 05:39 PM
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Quote Quote by neyzentanburi View Post
anti-social personality disorder is an organic brain disorder.
brain scans show they have different brains than normal people.
they have low serotonin and high dopamin levels in their spinal fluid.
it can be treated with SSRIs plus low doses of antipsychotics.
Where's the evidence? Just what is an organic brain disorder, what does that mean, what causes it?

Anyone that claims to know with any level of certainty what causes or is the process of mental disorders should be taken with a large grain of salt.
Evo
#11
Jul4-14, 06:02 PM
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Please be sure to back up all information with a verifiable source from a mainstream journal. It removes any confusion.

Thank you.
B0b-A
#12
Jul5-14, 12:32 AM
P: 74
In the case of ASPD Its going to be difficult separating nature from nurture ...

Quote Quote by patient.co.uk
"People with antisocial personality disorder have often grown up with parental conflict and harsh inconsistent parenting. Their childhoods have typically featured parental inadequacies "
http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/Anti...y-Disorder.htm

If their parents were their biological-parents that association wouldn't rule out the sociopathic tendencies being inherited, rather than taught by example.

A monozygotic-twins-seperated-at-birth study would normally be able to expose any genetic predisposition, but you'd need monozygotic-twins-seperated-at-birth who were removed from biological-parents for reasons other than "parental inadequacies", as those inadequacies could have affected the twin's brains before birth, e.g. mild fetal-alcohol-syndrome, or stress-induced brain-damage.
Evo
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Jul5-14, 10:50 AM
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Actually the cause of antisocial personality disorder is classified as "unknown", it can be genetic, it can also be seen to relate to being abused as a child.

Cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown. Genetic factors and environmental factors, such as child abuse, are believed to contribute to the development of this condition. People with an antisocial or alcoholic parent are at increased risk
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/e...cle/000921.htm
SteamKing
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Jul5-14, 06:21 PM
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Quote Quote by Student100 View Post
Where's the evidence? Just what is an organic brain disorder, what does that mean, what causes it?

Anyone that claims to know with any level of certainty what causes or is the process of mental disorders should be taken with a large grain of salt.
An organic brain disorder means that something is wrong with the physical structure of the brain, often as a result of injury or disease, sometimes because of poor nutrition or a disease in another part of the body, like an improperly functioning thyroid gland. These disorders are not typically considered to be a mental illness.

http://www.dralzainomara.com/books/1/1-3/7.pdf

Dementia and epilepsy are considered to be examples of organic brain disorder, the first of which is the impairment of the cognitive function of the brain and can result from a variety of causes, while the second appears to result from an improper function of the electrical or neurological activity in the brain itself.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dementia

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-c...n/con-20033721
Naranja
#15
Jul6-14, 12:57 AM
P: 10
Quote Quote by SteamKing View Post
An organic brain disorder means that something is wrong with the physical structure of the brain, often as a result of injury or disease, sometimes because of poor nutrition or a disease in another part of the body, like an improperly functioning thyroid gland. These disorders are not typically considered to be a mental illness.

Dementia and epilepsy are considered to be examples of organic brain disorder, the first of which is the impairment of the cognitive function of the brain and can result from a variety of causes, while the second appears to result from an improper function of the electrical or neurological activity in the brain itself.
Some psychiatrists still lie to their patients by telling them that they have a chemical imbalance even though no one knows what chemicals are imbalanced, and there's no test for the imbalance. The psych meds affect neurotransmitters. They don't balance chemicals. But the psychiatrists don't know themselves, some have little empathy for their patients, and patients don't like the meds. The doctors do whatever they need to do to get the patients to take their meds.

http://psychcentral.com/lib/antipsyc...cations/000449
http://psychcentral.com/blog/archive...cal-imbalance/


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