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Nature and Properties of materials

by heman
Tags: materials, nature, properties
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Jun13-05, 11:35 AM
P: 354
Hi all ,, i have a course on nature and properties of materials next semester,,If u guys can pls advice me some good book which have nice coverage of the following topics ,,it will be highly appreciated.

MATERIALS, 3-1-3-1-5
Examples of materials highlighting Structure-
relations. 14 space lattices, unit cells, cubic
and HCP structures, Miller indices,
Packing, interstitials, different ceramic
structures; Non-crystalline/nanocrystalline
materials-definitions, concept of Tg,
local order, different polymer structures.
Structure determination using X-ray diffraction
(Bragg’s diffraction and structure
factor for cubic lattices); Point defects,
edge and screw dislocations-their notation
and concepts, energy of a dislocation,
stacking fault, grains and grain boundaries,
bulk defects;
PHASE EVOLUTION: Definition of
diffusivity, concept of activation energy,
examples of diffusion process; Definition
of a phase, phase rule, unary and binary
(eutectic, eutectic with terminal solid solutions)
systems and examples, phase diagrams
of important metal and ceramic systems,
Nucleation and growth (homogeneous
and heterogeneous), Introduction
to TTT curves, examples of various transformations;
Measures of mechanical response (fundamental
measurable mechanical properties),
engineering and true stress-true
strain response, concept of yield point and
Elastic modulus (composite materials)
viscoelesticity, fracture toughness, stress
intensity factor, fracture energy, comparison
of these properties for different engineering
Deformation of single and polycrystalline
materials, slip systems, criticalshear stress, mechanisms of slip and
twinning; Fatigue and creep properties
of materials with suitable examples,
Strengthening mechanisms, Fracture in
ductile and brittle (Griffith’s Theory) solids,
ductile to brittle transition, ELECTRONIC
PROPERTIES: Drude theory
of metals, free electron theory (density
of states, Fermi energy, Fermi-Dirac statistics,
band theory of solids, existence
of metals and insulators, Brillouin zones),
Semiconductors (structures of elements
and compounds), equilibrium properties
of semiconductors, conductivity as a
function of temperature, measurement
of band gap, doping, law of mass action,
Hall effect, carrier concentration of mobility
of non-generate semiconductors,
Excess carrier generation, optical properties
of semiconductors, concept of
lifetime, I-V characteristics of p-n junction
and their applications as LEDs, lasers
and solar cells, Introduction to semiconductor
crystal growth and processing
modern methods of expitaxy (brief
introduction to quantum wells and
superlattices, if time permits), Dia-, paraferro-
and ferri magnetism; soft/hard
magnetic materials.
Dielectric and ferroelectric materials
(BaTiO3 as an example); linear and nonlinear
behaviour. resolved
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Jun13-05, 12:34 PM
P: 576
Callister: Materials Science and engineering. An introduction

covers quite a bit of those topics. Not in too much depth though but considering how many topics the course covers I suppose you won't be going into too much detail anyways. It lacks a section on xrd though.
Jun13-05, 12:46 PM
Sci Advisor
PF Gold
Gokul43201's Avatar
P: 11,155
MS&E , William Callister

Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering, William F. Smith

Jun13-05, 01:24 PM
P: 50
Nature and Properties of materials

I see that Callister seems to be a recommended book. I would agree with that.

One word of advice though: get the older edition. The newer edition has a lot of the material taken it out and put on CD. This makes it much less handy.

Callister is extremely comprehensive though.
Jun13-05, 09:31 PM
P: 354
thank u all very much for urs suggestions,,
I have got both of these books...

what about that book Raghawan , its an Indian book ..probably Gokul u might be knowing this and i think u might have had studied..some suggestion over it..
Jun13-05, 10:46 PM
Astronuc's Avatar
P: 21,869
Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers by James F. Shackelford is another reasonably good introductory book, but Callister seems more comprehensive in some areas. I am planning to compare the two. I just ordered Callister.

I have the 5th Ed of Shackelford's book, but the structure appears same or similar -

1. Materials for Engineering.


2. Atomic Bonding.
3. Crystalline Structure-Perfection.
4. Crystal Defects and Noncrystalline Structure-Imperfection.
5. Diffusion.
6. Mechanical Behavior.
7. Thermal Behavior.
8. Failure Analysis and Prevention.
9. Phase Diagrams-Equilibrium Microstructural Development.
10. Kinetics-Heat Treatment.


11. Metals.
12. Ceramics and Glasses.
13. Polymers.
14. Composites.


15. Electrical Behavior.
16. Optical Behavior.
17. Semiconductor Materials.
18. Magnetic Materials.


19. Environmental Degradation.
20. Materials Selection.
Jun14-05, 12:43 AM
Sci Advisor
PF Gold
Gokul43201's Avatar
P: 11,155
Quote Quote by heman
what about that book Raghawan
Physical Metallurgy by Raghavan is not too bad. I personally prefered Reed-Hill but I used both books.
Jun14-05, 12:53 AM
Sci Advisor
PF Gold
PerennialII's Avatar
P: 1,102
No one anylonger reads classic Ashby's ? .... if had to give a single book Callister would be it.
Jun15-05, 03:25 AM
P: 354
Its bad luck for me ,,i did not find Callister..Someone had already taken it..
But i found both Shackelford and Smith...
Will they make it..
Nomy-the wanderer
Jun15-05, 07:07 AM
P: 186
McCallister's hepled me alot.Also covers a lot of issues, it's not sufficient though if u r goin to get much deeper in some topics, but if it's ur 1st course, u don't need more..A very usefull referrance anyway...

I've the 6th edition, it's the best, it's not heavier than the previous one, but u've extra coverage on Cd and online..
Jun17-05, 09:21 PM
Astronuc's Avatar
P: 21,869
My copy arrived yesterday, so I have started review it.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.

2. Atomic Structure and Interatomic Bonding.

3. The Structure of Crystalline Solids.

4. Imperfections in Solids.

5. Diffusion.

6. Mechanical Properties of Metals.

7. Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms.

8. Failure. (really important stuff)

9. Phase Diagrams.

10. Phase Transformations in Metals: Development of Microstructure and Alteration of Mechanical Properties.

11. Applications and Processing of Metal Alloys.

12. Structures and Properties of Ceramics.

13. Applications and Processing of Ceramics.

14. Polymer Structures.

15. Characteristics, Applications, and Processing of Polymers.

16. Composites.

17. Corrosion and Degradation of Materials. (really important stuff)

18. Electrical Properties.

19. Thermal Properties.

20. Magnetic Properties.

21. Optical Properties.

22. Economic, Environmental, and Societal Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.

Appendix A: The International System of Units (SI).

Appendix B: Properties of Selected Engineering Materials.

Appendix C: Costs and Relative Costs for Selected Engineering Materials.

Appendix D: Mer Structures for Common Polymers.

Appendix E: Glass Transition and Melting Temperatues for Common Polymeric Materials.


Answers to Selected Problems.


I will be comparing Callister and Shackelford. So far there are many similarities. However, I am somewhat disappointed by the brevity of discussion on metal alloys. Superalloys and refractory alloys deserve more.

Even steels should be a little more developed, especially the 18-8 series.

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