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Kinetic and Potential Energy?

by Tabe
Tags: energy, kinetic, potential
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Tabe
#1
Oct9-05, 07:20 PM
P: 42
This problem is totally confusing me..can someone please explain it...

A 3.0 kg object subject to a restoring force F is undergoing simple harmonic motion with a small amplitude. The potential energy U of the object as a function of distance x from its equilibrium is shown. This particular object has a total energy E: of 0.4 J.

(a) What is the object's potential energy when its displacement is +4 cm from its equilibrium position?
For this problem, I used 4 cm as my displacement, but when I used it in the formula, I ended up getting an answer that is greater than the total energy, so I know it must be wrong. Am I using the wrong displacement?

(b) What is the farthest the object moves along the x-axis in the positive direction? Explain.
I really don't understand how to solve for the distand in the x-axis without having the acceleration or time. Is there a formula that I've overlooked or am I just making this problem more complicated than it is?

(c) Determine the object's kinetic energy when its displacement is -7 cm.
For this part, the kinetic energy equation is KE= 1/2mv^2. How do I solve for the velocity without time or acceleration?

(d) What is the object's speed at x= 0?
Again, I would need the answers from (c) to solve for the speed.
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Pyrrhus
#2
Oct9-05, 07:25 PM
HW Helper
Pyrrhus's Avatar
P: 2,279
Is there an image?
The potential energy U of the object as a function of distance x from its equilibrium is shown
mezarashi
#3
Oct9-05, 07:25 PM
HW Helper
P: 661
For part 9 (a). Mind your units. The units for Joules is: 1 Joule = 1 kgm^2/s^2.
If you are using cm, you will not be getting Joules, but rather "centi-Joules" :P

For part (b). The energy of a oscillator can be expressed as the sum of it's potential (1/2kx^2) and kinetic (1/2mv^2). At max displacement, it has zero kinetic energy.

Tabe
#4
Oct9-05, 07:32 PM
P: 42
Kinetic and Potential Energy?

There is a graph of the distance and potential energy. When the problem states that it is 4cm from its equilibrium position, is it referring to the x or y component?
mezarashi
#5
Oct9-05, 07:43 PM
HW Helper
P: 661
Quote Quote by Tabe
When the problem states that it is 4cm from its equilibrium position, is it referring to the x or y component?
I believe we are talking about a 1 dimensional oscillator, and that dimension is the x?


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