Lorenz Gauge]]>

Why don't guns kill the shooter?]]>

Why is Qir < than Qr? Carnot cycle and change in G]]>

I have a 10 cc syringe connected to 3/32" tubing with leur lock and at the very end, it is...

How does tubing size affect pressure of syringes?]]>

Scenario: a motorcycle is travelling down a straight highway at 100mph in 6th gear and needs to perform an emergency stop. The weather is clear and road...

The physics of braking on a motorcycle (manual transmission)]]>

Contrails -- What do we know?]]>

Helicopter torque]]>

Does anyone know of any fluid that emits light when current is running through it?

Why?

To feed to a flower, apply low voltage and make it glow.

Florescent light isn't enough and bioluminescence isn't my area of expertise so turning a flower into a LED is going to be my approach.

All tips...

Fluid that emits light when applied voltage, got tips?]]>

Are continous Spectrum actually discrete?]]>

Question: Is this the same principle as probability wave which when observed reveals a particle?]]>

I have a question for you guys and gals. I am working on a Desalination project and am ironing out questions about efficiency. What would be the most efficient temperature to evaporate water? 50, 100, 110 degrees? Does it make a difference, or is the energy required to evaporate a fixed...

Most efficient temperature to evaporate water?]]>

I have a question about electric elements and their corresponding voltages. I am looking at powering a 1500W 120VAC element out of an ordinary kettle with a DC voltage supplied by solar panels.

So, from what I understand, 120VAC represents the RMS voltage meaning that it would require...

Electric Element Voltage Specifications?]]>

Looking at this I understand the the wire will experience a lorentz force because the...

Lorentz Force on a Conductor]]>

Looking for guidance on electrical impedance]]>

If we have a positron and an electron coming together and annihilating, we can always find a frame in which the net momentum is zero, which would suggest that a single photon can never be produced in such an interaction...

Annihilation and production of bosons]]>

but the sensor gives me values in LUX which is the illuminance and i need to convert them to Candela

I found this formula in wikipedia but i didn't understand...

convert from lux to candela]]>

Can we then say that each electron on average on...

Estimating # of photons/electron from magnetron.]]>

Launching a particle at the highest point inside a sphere]]>

Will the sensors in a row be triggered at the same time? If they are, what does it mean for the field?...

Fields and motion]]>

But I'm not sure I grasp this completely. Why is quantum mechanics linear while...

Linear and nonlinear physical theories]]>

Getting straight to the point, what is the difference between

Please be as specific as you can.

Thank you.]]>

As my first post here I would like to open with a situation I have been struggling with

I have attached a simple diagram of my problem

I have 2 cylindrial N52 neodymium magnets axially aligned with each other with opposite poles facing each other....

Neodymium magnet partial shielding]]>

Humidity and discharge]]>

Calcuating retinal irradiance from the sun]]>

I am working on a senior project right now and I need some assistance with determining the torque required to rotate an arm with a propeller attached to it.

View attachment 196002

Any of the 4 arms can be rotated to control the direction of travel. The idea is the control system...

Senior Project - Quadcopter with Rotating Arms]]>

$$\nabla \cdot \bf{E} = 0 \\ \nabla\cdot B=0 \\ \nabla \times E=-\frac{\partial B}{\partial t} \\\nabla \times B=\mu \epsilon \frac{\partial E}{\partial t}$$

Wave equation is $$\nabla ^2 \bf{E}=\mu \epsilon \frac{\partial^2...

Solutions of wave equation but not Maxwell equations]]>

What does it mean for a particle to vibrate?]]>

I know a capacitor in a circuit acts as a break when it is fully charged, but does the battery continue using energy to keep the...

Does a battery exert energy keeping a capacitor charged?]]>

for the reflected p-polarized light

\begin{equation}\label{a}

\frac{I_{p_{refl}}}{I_{0p}}=\frac {\tan^{2}(i-r)}{{\tan^{2}(i+r)}}

\end{equation}

and for the refracted one is...

Intensity of p-polarized light through stack of plates]]>

I don't get why there is a positive and negative electrode and what they do]]>

I am wondering if there is going to be no contact collision due to the the kinetic energy being...

Rutherford scattering and momentum]]>

Function of the Electromagnetic spectrum]]>

It's about constructor theory, something that I wouldn't normally...

Will Constructor Theory achieve its' claimed Potential?]]>

I dont understand why compressible flow needs to have another constraint of energy equation while incompressible flow only satisfies continuity and momentum equation. And how is this energy equation related to...

Why incompressible flow does not satisfy energy equation?]]>

is still valid in dynamics, with rapidly varying sources? We know that a rapidly varying charge here gives a flux...

Maxwell eqs. - integral formulation in dynamics]]>

How to measure the output of a generator]]>

I'm starting to work with a mini X-ray tube provided by Amptek. I want to use it to calculate the efficiency of a detector i'm going to use latter, so knowing the total flux the tube emmits and measuring the flux the detector receives, that should be enough (both data normalized to...

X-ray tube flux and my experimental test setup]]>

In my 4th year I got interested in cfd while doing a flat plate case. Fast forward to after grad and while I am looking for a job(Still looking :( ) I have been playing with Linux and open foam. I looked into astrophysics and plasma physics and such as they interest me to. So...

Are CFD codes like OpenFOAM used in other realms of physics?]]>

View attachment 195065

Why do they differ?]]>

Also, a slightly *crackpot* follow up question -...

Constant frequency of light and connection to QM]]>

My question is about the heat sinks (cold side) used in some dehumidifiers. It appears that thick, well spaced fins are used, as opposed to a larger number of thin fins, which I would expect to provide better heat transfer.

View attachment 195005

Am I right in assuming that...

A question about dehumidifiers and condensation]]>

From my limited understanding, antimatter can only react with its anti-particle....

Anti Proton - Non Proton reaction]]>

Inductor leading lagging voltage-current]]>

Moment of inertia dynamics]]>

checks and balances question]]>

##A## is inside one of the charges (never mind how)

##B## is sitting at the laboratory

In the lab reference frame we accelerate the particles. According to ##A## there will be only electric attraction or...

Thought experiment: charged particles]]>

I encountered a fairly straightforward problem involving fluid dynamics, but the result I got is very confusing and I seem not to understand where I got wrong.

This is the question:

A rectangular flat-bottom barge with a bottom area A=50 m2A=50~\text{m}^2A=50 m2 is loaded so that the...

A Fluid Dynamics Problem with Confusing Results]]>

Laminar and steady flow(Distinguish)]]>

I need to find out the forces acting on an anchor point]]>

In Feynman Lectures on Physics, there is a chapter about the conservation of energy. The...

Feynman explanation of gravitational energy]]>

This is all based around the double jump idea from games... Air is a gas and gases have resistance so it makes scene if you could put enough force in to a spot you should be able to be...

How much force would it take to jump on air?]]>

I'm currently working on a project alongside others who are interested in the topic of searching for wavelengths beyond the EM spectrum. We've been through countless piles of literature and seem to have a mixed opinion. Our question is simple (ironically):

Beyond the EM Spectrum]]>

Chief Ray Angle and Field of View]]>

I checked a number of...

How much time it takes to walk a certain distance?]]>

Briefly on the exposition; I'm an undergraduate assistant to a professor. We contribute to the Muon g-2 experiment in Fermilab, designing and optimizing the magnetic-measurement equipment. As you might imagine I utilize the Fourier Transform often to analyze data. The data I'm...

Calculating Magnetic Field Strength from FFT]]>

XB0 =...

Seeking intuition on movement of COM]]>

Seeing UV]]>

The functional form for dependence of force on Current?]]>

Two parallel plate of Cu(5*6*0.1)mm and distance between them is (d=2mm)

a thin Cu-plate of thickness 0.1 mm separates Mica layer & Quartz layer.

how to find capacitance?]]>

I have a question about electromagnetic radiation, I drew this to better explain what I am trying to understand hopefully it makes some sense but what I was wondering is this... if you take two prism and let the light of the sun enter the...

Electromagnetic Question.]]>

Finding impact depth]]>

I have an optical system made up like this:

Circular led source -> smaller circular diaphragm -> circular even smaller lens -> cmos sensor at the posterior focal plane

This is the in scale model:

View attachment 129431

The image is optically after the focal plane, but...

Optical system with a medium different from air]]>

Kitchen Counter Moisture Mystery]]>

I remember doing an electroplating demonstration in my gradeschool days for a science fair. It was fascinating and now I want to give my students a chance to do some hands-on...

Electroplating - radioactive materials in my drawer?]]>

I am looking for a single element that will replace the...

Rotate only H-Pol Component of Light beam by 90 degrees]]>

And there are the three dimensionful constants c, h, G (speed of light, Planck's constant, Newton...

Dimensionless and dimensioned fundamental constants]]>

and to increase the distance do i have to increase voltage or once i have an arc or plasma in...

How to calculate the voltage needed to create a plasma]]>

Or still the same?

If still the same.. what if the...

Coefficient of Friction]]>

"Why can I not see a plane once it reaches about 80 km away, yet I can see the ISS, at over 250 km away"

This is...

How can we see the ISS?]]>

Adiabatic process]]>

For now I am focused on completing simulation of a simple model of a round ball shaped projectile (ie a cannonball or musket shot).

I like...

Thermodynamics of a cannon ball / musket ball shot bullet]]>

Why can't...

Why can't we define a kg as a multiple of the electron mass]]>

I have a small confusion regarding the formula that calculates the luminous flux of a light source, which is given by:

View attachment 114990

(See this Wiki)

The ##\bar y (λ)## is the so-called luminosity function...

Lumens and the Luminosity Function]]>

For example circuits, waves...

For these systems a whole lot of complex, "stuff" eg sloshing around of energy, occurs to result in a stable value in time, stable...

Physics of transients -- general]]>

Interaction between a neutral atom and an external magnetic field]]>

Want accurate cartoons of EM Waves]]>

I mean if it does wouldn't the calculations for the created magnetic field be rather circular?

The magnetic field depends on the current which in...

Does a wire loops' magnetic field affect it's current?]]>

Easier way to put it, if the Earth suddenly spun...

Does the rotation speed of a planet affect its gravitational pull]]>

The equations I've seen is this one here:...

How do you calculate the force between two magnetic dipoles?]]>

Ok,...

Work Done by Gravity and Derivation of G.P.E.]]>

Off-angle irradiance from Radiant Intensity]]>

Fluid pressure and flow]]>

Say there is a buoyant mass floating on the water. It is connected to a system which, when waves move the mass up and down, it pulls a string which turns a wheel of an electromagnetic generator (assume there is a mechanism...

How much power would this system generate from waves?]]>

Coriolis effect, Conservation of Angular Momentium, Planes]]>

Can I use the air drag formula that factors in drag coeficient and outputs drag force to calculate how deep a bullet will penetrate a target material?

Say I substitute air pressure with target material density. And...

Drag formula used to calculate bullet hole depth?]]>

A Possible Challenge To Chronology Protection Conjecture?]]>

How can thermal fluctuations decrease entropy?]]>

The object doesn't necessarily have to be a sphere. If it would work with any other...

Magnetism - ring and a sphere (or any other object) inside]]>