This is just a quick alert regarding a paper today
https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.03048
Exceptional Unification of Families and Forces
Alfredo Aranda, Francisco J. de Anda, Stephen F. King
[Submitted on 6 May 2020]
This work considers the remarkable suggestion that the three families of quarks and...
Eric Weinstein finally released a video of his 2013 Oxford talk on "geometric unity". There are many fans and skeptics out there, looking in vain for a genuinely informed assessment of the idea.
I admit that so far I have only skimmed the transcript of the video, being very pressed for...
I have not read this paper yet, but Lubos Motl blogs about it here: "A serious critique of the real-world Asymptotic Safety program for quantum gravity".
The points I would list in favor of asymptotic safety's significance and viability, may be found in this Physics Stack Exchange...
In quantum field theory, a dressed particle is a particle ("bare particle") considered in combination with certain secondary effects that it produces (e.g. the virtual pair creation involved in vacuum polarization). The dressed states are regarded as more physical, hence closer to reality.
Axel...
The Hubble tension or Hubble discrepancy is a contradiction between the Hubble constant as measured today, and the Hubble constant as measured in the early universe and extrapolated to today. @mfb recently listed the relevant measurements.
There are some threads about this in the Cosmology...
Because they evaporate, quantum micro black holes resemble unstable elementary particles: you can create them by smashing stable particles together, and then they will decay back into particles, as if it was all just another scattering process. Certainly in string theory, elementary particles...
Summary: Nonperturbative top-Higgs effects proposed to explain all violations of lepton universality
Three years ago, Froggatt & Nielsen wanted to explain the, apparently spurious, 750 GeV resonance as top quarks bound, not just by the gluonic strong force, but also by the 'Higgs force', which...
From the proceedings of Group32, the 32nd International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics (9–13 July 2018, Prague):
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1194/1/012097
M D Sheppeard
Abstract: A physical approach to a category of motives must account for the...
One of the interesting new ideas in BSM model building began with this paper:
https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.08749
Are neutrino masses modular forms?
Ferruccio Feruglio
A modular form is a kind of two-dimensional analogue of the periodic trigonometric functions. Just as trigonometric functions can...
They are described here as (2+1)-dimensional sheets of eta-prime condensate, with the valence quarks on the boundary. One amazing detail is that, because it is a lower-dimensional object, the quarks are anyons!
This description is said to apply most immediately to single-flavor baryons like ∆++...
I apologize for creating a new thread which has significant overlap with two other ongoing threads ("Quantization isn't fundamental", "Atiyah's arithmetic physics"). But both those threads discuss theories or paradigms of extreme breadth, whereas here I want to focus on a very specific bundle of...
https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.01000
MiniBooNE, MINOS+ and IceCube data imply a baroque neutrino sector
Jiajun Liao, Danny Marfatia, Kerry Whisnant
(Submitted on 1 Oct 2018)
The 4.8σ anomaly in MiniBooNE data cannot be reconciled with MINOS+ and IceCube data within the vanilla framework of neutrino...
Sir Michael Atiyah just gave a livestreamed talk claiming to prove the Riemann hypothesis. But it turns out that this is part of a larger research program in which he also claims to have an apriori calculation of the fine-structure constant and possibly other physical constants.
Atiyah is 89...
http://arxiv.org/abs/1808.03483
Theta-problem and the String Swampland
Sergio Cecotti, Cumrun Vafa
(Submitted on 10 Aug 2018)
In the context of N=2 supergravity without vector multiplets coupled to hypermultiplets, the coupling constant of graviphoton τ is apriori a free parameter. Stringy...
Apparently the Internet hasn't noticed this paper yet:
http://arxiv.org/abs/1807.04726
Traversable wormholes in four dimensions
Juan Maldacena, Alexey Milekhin, Fedor Popov
(Submitted on 12 Jul 2018)
We present a wormhole solution in four dimensions. It is a solution of an Einstein Maxwell...
A paper in Nature is getting some press, for having calculated "the pressure distribution inside the proton".
But the theory behind the calculation seems a little odd. Apparently the data pertains to the scattering of an electron from a quark via the exchange of two photons. But each photon...
PF regular @Urs Schreiber has coauthored a new paper:
http://arxiv.org/abs/1805.00233
Higher T-duality in M-theory via local supersymmetry
Hisham Sati, Urs Schreiber
(Submitted on 1 May 2018)
By analyzing super-torsion and brane super-cocycles, we derive a new duality in M-theory, which takes...
We had two papers yesterday making big claims in the realm of minimal BSM theory.
http://arxiv.org/abs/1803.08907
Conformal symmetry: towards the link between the Fermi and the Planck scales
Mikhail Shaposhnikov, Andrey Shkerin
(Submitted on 23 Mar 2018)
If the mass of the Higgs boson is put...
http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.04083
UV completion of a theory of Superfluid Dark Matter
Andrea Addazi, Antonino Marciano
(Submitted on 12 Jan 2018)
We show that a model of superfluid dark matter, modifying the Newtonian potential and explaining galactic rotational curves, can be unitarized by the...
I'm posting here, because this memoir is actually full of comments about interesting BSM physics too.
https://arxiv.org/abs/1708.09093
Memories of a Theoretical Physicist
Joseph Polchinski
(Submitted on 30 Aug 2017)
While I was dealing with a brain injury and finding it difficult to work...
A thread for discussing this issue (and related topics).
The first question I have is, how to define the theory under consideration? Asymptotic safety has only been proven for some truncations of general relativity; if we take one of those truncations, and couple it to one of those minimal...
I had heard of adinkras but didn't realize that they were meant to play this role. Nor did I realize that the representation theory of supersymmetry is mathematically underdeveloped.
http://arxiv.org/abs/1612.03825
Towards a new paradigm for quark-lepton unification
Christopher Smith
(Submitted on 12 Dec 2016)
My comments: This is my favorite. It is a modification of Minimal Flavor Violation (MFV), a popular philosophy which posits that any BSM couplings may only involve...
http://arxiv.org/abs/1611.08581
Towards a dS/MERA correspondence
Raj Sinai Kunkolienkar, Kinjal Banerjee
(Submitted on 25 Nov 2016)
Recent advances have suggested that spacetime itself emerges from the entanglement of the quantum degrees of freedom living on the boundary. In the case of the AdS...
Move over, M- theory and F-theory!
http://arxiv.org/abs/1609.06863
A brief review of E theory
Peter West
(Submitted on 22 Sep 2016)
I begin with some memories of Abdus Salam who was my PhD supervisor. After reviewing the theory of non-linear realisations and Kac-Moody algebras, I explain...
In 2009, Shaposhnikov and Wetterich successfully predicted the Higgs boson mass, by assuming that quantum gravity is asymptotically safe. Asymptotic safety remains a minority research program, but the paper itself is now well-known among people studying the metastability of the electroweak...
"A 2.4% Determination of the Local Value of the Hubble Constant" by Riess et al has led to some excited news stories recently. I don't see it discussed anywhere here. Looking for the essence of the paper, I note three things:
The two measurements considered are "the Hubble constant ... measured...
I was thinking about the possible 750 GeV resonance, and the joke idea that it could be a bound state of six Higgs bosons, and I suddenly realized that Higgs bosons might feel a "top force" (from top loops) because the top yukawa is so big. Has anyone calculated this?
Compared to the other fermions, I have always had much less interest in Koide mass formulas for neutrinos. There is less data, and neutrino mass works differently anyway (Dirac plus Majorana, whereas the other fermions are just Dirac).
But today that has changed. First, today we have a paper...
This paper presents an unusually concrete hypothesis about the string theory landscape - that it is numerically dominated by "flux vacua" arising from a single compactification manifold. And our world could be one of them.
http://arxiv.org/abs/1511.03209
The F-theory geometry with most flux...