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  1. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    This is great! I can use this as a reference for future problems as well, thank you!
  2. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    Honestly thinking about things in this way really helps I can tell the difference. When I do proof problems from my linear algebra book, it normally doesn't take much time at all because everything seems much more straightforward. The thinking for these kinds of proofs just seems different for...
  3. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    No worries! All of this is very helpful. I think I just need to stick it out for the simpler stuff, but also not be afraid to move along when necessary. The thing you said about definitions is something that has tripped me up more than once, no one has ever pointed it out to me before now.
  4. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    Thanks for the advice! I don't know why I always feel the need to do every single part of a textbook. Just recently, someone told me that they normally only do half of the problems in a textbook. I had spent weeks doing every problem in every section of the books I'm working on and was wondering...
  5. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    No this is like set theory stuff. In the book I'm using, the "real" stuff comes after set theory and properties of the real numbers. Most of the problems are just proofs of definitions similar to this. I've thought about skipping it multiple times but decided against it. I'm starting a degree in...
  6. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    Yes, that is the definition I am using. I'll give this approach some thought. Thanks for the response!
  7. CaptainAmerica17

    I Help Finding the Correct Approach to this Proof (Intro Real Analysis)

    Ok, so here is what I have so far: Suppose ##T_1## is infinite and ##\varphi : T_1 \rightarrow T_2## is a bijection. Reasoning: I'm thinking I would then show that there is a bijection, which would be a contradiction since an infinite set couldn't possibly have a one-to-one correspondence...
  8. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Let ##y \in E##. Assume that ##f## is surjective. There is some ##x \in f^{-1}(E)## such that ##y = f(x)##. So by definition, ##x =f(x) \in f(f^{-1}(E))##. At least I finally got something understandable. I didn't have nearly as much trouble proving things about inverse images themselves (i.e...
  9. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Thank you for this. It took a while to reply because I had to get caught up on some school work. Here's what I worked out: If ##y \in f(f^{-1}(E))##, then ##y = f(x)## for some ##x \in f^{-1}(E)##. So if you have ##x \in f(f^{-1}(E))##, you have it will clearly map back to the set ##E##. So we...
  10. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Thank you for this. It took a while to reply because I had to get caught up on some school work. Here's what I worked out: If ##y \in E##, then ##y = f(x)## for some ##x \in f^{-1}(E)##. Clearly, ##f^{-1}(E)## is the set of all points that map into ##E##, so ##f(f^{-1}(E))## will give us all...
  11. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    ok, I've thought about it about. The goal of this proof should be to show that ##y \in f(f^{-1}(E) \iff y \in E## So to start with ##y \in f(f^{-1}(E)##. ##y = f(x)## for some ##x \in f^{-1}(E)## Or maybe since it is surjective, it is best to start with ##y \in E## so that we can show that...
  12. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Ah, ok. I was drawing out a picture and it wasn't making sense.
  13. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    E is a subset of A or B?
  14. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Wow, I really overcomplicated things XD
  15. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Well if f(x) = f(e) then x = e.
  16. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    For x to be an element of f(E) it would have to be equal to some f(x) in f(E), right? Just based on the definition. I'm sorry if I'm being slow.
  17. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    The definition of f(E) is {f(x) : x is in E}.
  18. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Well if the function is injective then we know that x maps to at most one y = f(x). So I don't think this could be true without inectivity.
  19. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    Thank you for the reply! I always forget that to show equality after I have to clearly show that each set is a subset of the other :/ The only next step I can think of is that if f(x) is in f(E), then x is in E, right?
  20. CaptainAmerica17

    I Proof about injectivity

    I typed this up in Overleaf using MathJax. I'm self-studying so I just want to make sure I'm understanding each concept. For clarification, the notation f^{-1}(x) is referring to the inverse image of the function. I think everything else is pretty straight-forward from how I've written it. Thank...
  21. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    Noted. I just found out about the relationship between real numbers and the IVT. It's really cool and definitely sheds some light on this stuff you guys have been talking about :D
  22. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    That makes a lot of sense. That's one thing about proofs I'm still learning - utilizing EVERYTHING I know to logically come up with a solution. Even the IVT :P
  23. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    I learned the definition of continuity in my calculus class. Of course, not very in-depth, so I'll definitely look into more. Admittedly, I don't really know the importance of the intermediate value theorem. We really haven't made any use for it in class besides learning the definition.
  24. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    Well, what sparked my interest in topology was learning about the Mobius strip. I would like to understand it's properties in mathematical terms, and eventually prove things about manifolds etc.
  25. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    Thanks! The first section is on metric spaces too :D
  26. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    Thank you for the link. I was just searching for some PDF's when you replied. I appreciate all of the extra problems to build understanding.
  27. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    I've done some very basic set theory proofs (de Morgan's law etc.). At this point, I'm not sure what would be considered "enough" to move forward. It's sort of one of the reasons I've been a little stagnated.
  28. CaptainAmerica17

    B Spivak's Calculus as a Prerequisite for General Topology

    Ok, thanks for the heads-up. You have been very helpful :D
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