Thank you..
For instance, in phi state for both (+ and -), in the first term Alice would get 0 and Bob 0 as well for both (+,-). Actually, it is not clear in terms of definition and the way of measurement, as both look similar.
Thanks.
Hello,
In the four maximally entangled two-qubit Bell states, what is the difference between the first and the second states, similarly, the difference between the third and the fourth states. What the different in signs mean( +,-)...
Hi,
What does it mean when we say that the in the case of absence of a phase reference, the laser would produce a Poissonian mixture of number states?.. I got confused actually between the meaning of the phase in classical sense and quantum in this regard. Regards
Hi, see the following paragraph please, when it says that Alice modulate the succseesive pulse by 0 and pi, what that physically means in terms of quantum mechanics.
Alice sends a sequence of coherent states with the same intensity, and modulates the phase between successive pulses between 0 to...
Thanks Elemental,
For the single photons I got the idea, but does the relative phase here for coherent states mean the same concept as in the classic presentation of EM.
Hi,
Many thanks..
I've uploaded here two figures that I don't understand well in this regard. In figure 1, what is the function of α and Φ for the phase modulator( I mean the physical meaning in quanum optics). What does it mean when a coherent pulse or a single photn pass through the phase...
Thank you so much, it seems that I need to read more about interefernce, but what that means when we say that the relative phase is 0 , π, π/2 or 3π/2.
could you kindly suggest any refernce (books, papers) besides your informative explanation.
Best regards
Hi,
Thanks, the system that i'm intereted in is phase encoding between two time-bins. At Alice site, she prepares coherent pulses which undergo interference using interferometer before reaching to Bob. My question here in case of using single photons or coherent states, what is the physical...
Thanks, I am trying to cmpare the phase of the classical wave and in QM. When we say that a coherent state has a phase shift of π or 3π/2 by employing MZI, what that means?
Hello
I am confused and I cant figure out what is meant by phase when it comes to quantum mechanics for single photons and coherent states as I am a new to this field.
Best regards
Hi,
Thanks for your comment ..
This is the first post, do I need to change the category?.. I wanna use OAM to improve the key rate generation rate in QKD, so I wanna know how to start the modelling.
Regards
thanks,,as it is known for continuous spectrum that resulted from incandescent lamp,Planck law is employed to plot the spectral power distribution of such a source, but for the white LED I could not find a way to do the same as it is not treated as a black body radiator...thanks
Thanks,I have got another question please, for LED that is used in visible communication, Does the bandwidth sharply be between (400-700)nm or could extend to IR-region like incandescent lamps...
Many thanks
thank u so much , actually just a normal room ,but I don't know what material is it? I mean ,it could be any kind of office wall.Do you mean,if I can get the
reflection of the material ,that would be the reflection coefficient...
Hi,thanks for reply, OK, am simulating a system inside a room of (3x3x2.5)m^3 , the only source is a bulb light fixed on the ceiling,so I would like to calculate the reflection coefficient of the walls which then used in Lambertian formula of DC channel gain...