# Search results

1. ### Direct Sum of Lie Algebras

We are asked to show that L(SO(4)) = L(SU(2)) (+) L(SU(2)) where L is the Lie algebra and (+) is the direct product. We are given the hint to consider the antisymmetric 4 by 4 matrices where each row and column has a single 1/2 or -1/2 in it. By doing this we generate four matrices...
2. ### EM Lagrangian

We have a suggested Lagrangian epsilon(abcd) F^(ab) F^(cd) and are asked to comment if this is a sensible EM Lagrangian. The only thing i can think of is that its still gauge invariant in the normal way but otherwise im stumped. would appreciate any suggestions. thanks
3. ### Quantum Fields

I'm studying a QFT course, and we've been asked to consider why classical physicists found it useful to introduce electric and magnetic fields, but not fields for electrons or other particles. I'm completely stumped, and would appreciate any hints. thanks
4. ### Relativity - Lorentz Force Law

Assuming the Lorentz force law and also that in the rest frame of the particle the 3 acceleration is zero, we need to explain why the following equations hold: E.v = 0 and E + v.B = 0 where v is the velocity. I think this is because g(A,A) = -a squared is invariant. Therefore if a=0, I...
5. ### Poisson bracket significance (Classical Mechanics)

We have to show that [Lx,Ly] = Lz [Ly,Lx] = -Lz [Lx,Lx] = 0 and I have done this. We then need to comment on the significance of these results, which I'm not sure of. I know in QM you get similar results for commutators of these quantities, and it means that you can't simultaneously know...
6. ### Atmospheric physics - change of temperature of parcel

"A parcel of air is lifted slowly from the ground, where the temperature is 295K, to an elevation of 5km, and then returned rapidly to the ground. Estimate the air parcel temperature at 5km and after it returns to the groundm explanation any assumptions." I assumed an adiabatic process both...
7. ### General Relativity, form of scale factor

We are given a form of Einstein's field equations: 3R'' = -pR R''R + 2((R')^2) = p(R^2) where p is a constant and R' = dR/dt Assuimg that R and R' are both positive, we are asked to show that the general solution is R(t) = A*[(t-ti)^(2/3)] I'm very confused about this. If we...
8. ### Von neumann stability analysis

We have a hyperbolic pde (in fact the 1d wave equation) with indep vars X, T We use the central difference approximations for the second derivatives wrt X, T to get [phi(Xn, Tj+1) -2phi(Xn, Tj) + phi(Xn, Tj+1)]/(dT^2) = [c^2][phi(Xn-1, Tj) -2phi(Xn, Tj) + phi(Xn=1, Tj)]/(dX^2) where dX...
9. ### Programs GRE's for Physics Phd's

Hi, I'm a UK student who wants to do a Phd in a year (after I finish my MSc). I'm a little bit puzzled about the status of the GRE in physics at US institutions. Looking at some webpages it seems as if the GRE is always mandatory, and that they use it as a major way of discriminating between...
10. ### Rabcd = 0 proof

"Show that if a space time metric admits three linearly independent 4 vector fields with vanishing covariant derivatives then Rabcd = 0" We can set the three vectors as (1,0,0,0), (0,1,0,0) and (0,0,1,0). Use covariant derivative of vector field X^b is: d(X^b)/d(x^a) + (Christoffel symbol...
11. ### GR- tensor transformation

Homework Statement We have a vector X^a (n.b ^ indicates superscript) and covector Aa. We need to show that X^b (d(Aa)/d(x^b) - d(Ab)/d(x^a)) transforms correctly under an artbitrary smooth change of coords. N.b the derivatives are partial. By using the transformation rules for the...
12. ### Primodial Curvature Perturbation Equation

This equation gives us (delta (rho))/rho (which I understand is the fractional perturbation in the energy density), at the time of "horizon entry" (which I'm unsure about). Does this mean the time that decoupling occured?
13. ### Programs Length of American Phd's

I'm a British student considering doing a Phd in America. If I do a Phd in England it should only take 3 years, but I've heard that usually American Phd's take a lot longer (e.g six years +). However I suspect that this may be because the typical American student is much less advanced when...
14. ### Incoming spacelike radial geodesic

We need to show that using the Schwarzchild metric, an incoming radial spacelike geodesic satisfies r>= 1m/(1 + E^2) I know that E = (1-2m/r) is constant, and I think that ds squared should be negative for a spacelike geodesic. I try substituting E into the metric and setting ds squared <=0...
15. ### General Relativity query

Is it always true that dt/ds is always positive, where t is the coordinate time and s is the proper time? I suspect his is the case, but am not sure why.
16. ### Particle in free fall problem

"Under what conditions does a geodesic represent a possible wordline for a particle in free fall, parametrized by proper time." I can only think of one conditions - the fact that the metric ds squared is positive. Is this enough?
17. ### Theory - Particle Physics or Condensed Matter

I'm starting an MSc in theoretical physics this October, and at the moment I'm considering specialising in Condensed Matter or Particle Physics, both of which look quite interesting. I was wondering which one had better career prospects. I suspect it's easier to get a well paid research job in...
18. ### Hamilton/Energy distintion

We are asked to differentiate between H and E. I think that they are equal in some cirsumstances but am not sure what these are.
19. ### Normal mode frequencies

Homework Statement Two equal masses are connected by two massless springs of constant k and nat. length l. The masses are constrained by a frictionless tube on a pivot, (also massless) so that they remain colinear with the pivot. The pivot subtends angle theta with the vertical. The 1st mass...
20. ### D3 brane tension

I'm doing a theory project on Cosmological inflation, and I've been given an equation which involves T3 which is "the effective tension of the D3 brane". I think that this is probably a numerical constant, but it's not clear from the context. If it is a constant, how could I find out the...
21. ### Special relativity collisions problem

Homework Statement We have two particles mass m called p1 and p2. P1 is stationary, p2 has energy E. They annihilate to produce to particles of mass 100m. We need to find the min value of E Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution I suspect that the minimum initial energy of...
22. ### Fast track medicine for physicists

I'm about to start my third year of an MPhys degree at Oxford. I'm a very serious student and am predicted to get a good first, but I've recently become more interested in becoming a doctor (and possibly doing medical research) than just pursuing a purely scientific career in physics. I'm...