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  1. J

    Smolin's long distance scale L

    It is hard for most people to think in math. To have a theory based on numbers, and then fit those numbers neatly into galaxy rotation figures. I don’t know where you get the figures. But I had this idea that space was made of points, which was a simple idea that I could describe. My idea is...
  2. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    The same mechanism that produces gravity produces mass in large objects. You can't measure the mass of the sun and say its mass is not equal to its gravity, therefore I am wrong. Mass in large objects and gravity are always going to be equivalent. The thing you can do is measure the mass of...
  3. J

    Centre of the Universe

    That nanosecond value could be due to the distance between points of space. Imagine space that is defined by points. Only the points are real, so between the points is a kind of hyperspace where another (finer, spiritual) universe could actually fit; not a whole universe between two points...
  4. J

    Why do extra dimensions have to be curled up ?

    A TV screen is a 5 dimensional surface with 2 dimensions that are obvious, and 3 more in a separate manifold below the two. The underlying three don't affect the two that are above them. How can all that be? A TV screen has to be made of points of colored light. Since each point of light is an...
  5. J

    Centre of the Universe

    If the universe is a thick expanding shell, like a nutshell that you would get after any explosion, and if light going in any direction inside the thick shell is bent or bounces off the inner and outer "walls" of the shell, and the light starts to curve around the shell it would look infinite...
  6. J

    Quantized space-time and redshift.

    What if space is made of little tetrahedral structures that consist of four points arranged in 3D? What if space is a lot of points, arranged in tetrahedrons, and there is a huge amount of attractive force between those points. Okay, assuming that, we can have a Big Bang that throws the...
  7. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    Lorentz covariant I didn't realize until now that Relativity is based on the idea of something affected by two reference frames. I have this interesting, simple physical model that has the two reference frames as one of its features. There is the reference frame we see, and the reference frame...
  8. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    I started working on an "absolute reference frame" model in about 1984, and was surprised when I learned about string theory to find the whole thing was just like string theory, which I was too dumb to know about when I started thinking about a hard, absolute physical model. Now, whenever I tell...
  9. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    60 summers was a long time ago to start thinking about that! I asked a similar question sometime in the mid-eighties, What if space is made of literal points? What if things move from point to point? The points had to have distance between them, and by manipulating the distance between points...
  10. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    This model brings up some interesting points on the original question of, What is space? Is space just there? Or is it a vibrant thing like the surface of an expanding balloon? If the galaxies are accelerating, that says space is a thing that is expanding along with them, but at a slightly...
  11. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    In this thread we think it is expanding like a balloon that is being blown up. And science knows the galaxies are accelerating away from each other. I think I can show it is expanding like a balloon, due to the fact the expansion is speeding up. If you draw galaxies on a balloon, and blow...
  12. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    I think this is another "the earth is flat" conflict. I can't find any reason why an expanding hollow sphere doesn't work. I just naturally came to that conclusion, and so did two other people right here. And there are no other suspicions here of what it could be, except the expanding loaf and...
  13. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    4newton was saying the universe is like a sphere with a hollow core: an expanding bubble, just like my idea. He made the point that if we could go straight back to the center, it would be a Big Fountain. The one radian idea was murky. I didn’t bother to understand it. I did ACCEPT IT and...
  14. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    All physics and math is based on that perception of the universe, which is the idea there is an infinite expanse, and matter and numbers fill it. For example we see a line. We say the line already exists and there are an infinite number of places or points in that line. We say the infinite...
  15. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    I had written this in another thread, and it’s an important prerequisite for what I want to say next. Oddly, it wouldn’t post in the other thread. I wonder if it will post here. They say a string is a two-dimensional tube. I have figured out what that would look like. If you take two points...
  16. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    If we can get past rejecting the expanding shell idea, I have a really hot explanation for how much it can expand and what happens when it runs out of time. We are almost to that point, marked by the new fact that the galaxies seem to be accelerating away from each other, as if the shell of...
  17. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    But in my background dependent reference, everything works the way they say it does. We can't say the universe has no shape. We can't say it is just about mathematical time and velocity. Sure that sounds intelligent, but it must have some kind of shape. The shape that appears to us doesn't...
  18. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    I would like to know what Chronos thinks about the shell form, and if this idea has been put forth by anyone else. All I know about the universe being an expanding shell is, when I compared what we would see being in an expanding shell, the form any explosion takes on, it looked exactly like all...
  19. J

    If and when the Big Bang

    Two forms of expanding: It can just expand like a loaf of bread, in which the center stays still and everything else just expands like rising dough, or it can expand like an explosion, in which an empty shell is formed with all the material leaving the center. If it expands like a loaf of...
  20. J

    What is nothing?

    What is nothing? is the perfect title for what is being discussed. If mass has volume, then it fills the absolute vacuum. Filling the absolute vacuum with something that has volume makes absolute nothing into the less intense nothing of space. But we are not talking about the mass of...
  21. J

    What is nothing?

    Mass has to exist. Mass is the very definition of existence: I am, therefore I can't be something else, which is inertia. Energy is mass in motion. Simple. But ask yourself, where does attractive force come from? It comes from something on the outside pushing in. There is an envelope of...
  22. J

    What is nothing?

    I wrote a kind of proof that said a non-dimensional point can’t really exist on a 1D line: the point must be a string. That explanation would have been too involved if I had not just accepted the fact that if a point has to be a string on a line, it has to have volume in 3D. It takes four...
  23. J

    What is nothing?

    Bettysfetish-- To have something you need mass. I won’t question why you said it, but it’s absolutely right; and you put that statement at the beginning. It is the beginning of understanding creation and the big bang, at least, according to my theory. To have something you need mass...
  24. J

    What is nothing?

    What exists between the dots? Does the vacuum exist between planets, stars, and galaxies? The answer is, nothing as powerful as the vacuum could exist between planets. So, what does exist between the planets and stars? We have the idea that matter (from stars to atoms) live in this empty...
  25. J

    What is nothing?

    We start with nothing, then realize, that is not a first principle but a second principle. Nothing is made up to two ideas, no and thing. We can’t start with nothing. We have to start with “thing”. Whatever existed or didn’t exist was thing. What is thing? The definition of thing is: what it is...
  26. J

    What is nothing?

    What if space has mass? The concept of "nothing" doesn't contain the concept of space. We think of nothing as empty space, but that is not accurate. A creator would make space in nothing by having points of matter that define the places. So imagine space as being a dust cloud of points of...
  27. J

    Higgs String

    A photon is said to have no mass. But what if a photon lives in a field of photon-sized particles? So that its mass is the same as the mass of space? (What if space itself has mass?) Okay, but, Higgs particles address the fact that particles in objects that should not have mass do have mass...
  28. J

    Fine structure constant changes over time

    It takes a little slight of hand to get to c slowing down, but it is experimentally slowing down, so that's what we have to explain. Instead of empty space with a lot of objects in it, think of space MADE of points of matter. Like this line made of A's. A----A----A----A----A----A...
  29. J

    Fine structure constant changes over time

    All of physics assumes matter and energy existing in emptiness. That's "background independent". But look at a TV screen. The picture does not exist in nothing, it exist in a bunch of prearranged pixels. If you examine closer, you will notice the TV screen cannot reproduce lines in certain...
  30. J

    What are strings?

    What is a string? In the early 1900's, much earlier than 1980, there was a major argument between Quantum Theory and Relativity because when distances between points approach 0 distance, QT numbers didn't work. For example, gravity increases as it gets closer to an object. Theoretically...
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