Ok great, thanks. That has cleared it up for me - but just to fully make sure I have another hypothetical for you if you don't mind:
Now we have one thin sheet and one cube, again the same type of metal. The front surface areas of both are equal which means the same amount of radiation is...
So let's assume they have been left in the sun for a long time and are in equilibrium.
Each sheet will be at the same temperature right? But the amount of heat hitting each sheet (therefore the amount of heat lost to the surroundings) is also the same. So the air on the surface of each sheet...
Actually thinking about it a bit more, for a) if the sheets have the same dimensions therefore the same exposed surface area, would the amount of heat Q hitting the sheets be constant? Because the same amount of radiation will be hitting each one?
Edit: I think I'm confusing myself. The...
These are questions I've made up to try and wrap my head around the topic, so the theory within the questions themselves might be flawed.
1. Homework Statement
There are a number of metal sheets that are similar in every way except they each have slightly different masses. The temperature of...
Homework Statement
Which of the semi-empirical mass formula terms accounts for a drop in stability at low A and why?
Homework Equations
B = avA - asA\frac{2}{3} -acZ(Z-1)A\frac{-1}{3} -aa(A-2Z)2A-1 ± apA\frac{3}{4}
The Attempt at a Solution
I'm struggling getting my head around this one.
The...
I think I may be wrong about the electric quadrupole moments, it's possible that only protons contribute to Q. So because the only thing that changes with oxygen isotopes is neutron number Q will be 0 for all of them?
EDIT: scratch that neutrons do actually contribute as they attract the...
Could somebody check if I have done this correctly please?
1. Homework Statement
Draw the shell filling for oxygen isotopes and make predictions of their nuclear spin, parity, magnetic moment and electric quadrupole moment.
Homework Equations
Magnetic moment μ = gj j μN
Electric quadrupole...
Homework Statement
Write the equations for neutron and proton fusion to form deuterium and for deuterium photodissociation.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
There is plenty on proton-proton fusion to form deuterium, but not much on proton-neutron.
Is it simply p + n -> D ?
Is...
I'm pretty sure we'd only be working with the first one, the Nilsson diagram looks more advanced.
Going off the first diagram it looks like our lone neutron would be in the 1f\frac{7}{2} shell where nuclear spin j = \frac{7}{2} and parity = (-1)3 [to the power 3 because it is in the f shell] =...
Homework Statement
Use the shell model to determine the parity and spin assignments for all the stable isotopes of calcium.
Homework Equations
n/a
The Attempt at a Solution
The stable isotopes seem to be 40Ca, 42Ca, 43Ca, 44Ca, 46Ca, and 48Ca
I believe all of those isotopes except 43Ca are...
Hi all. We're currently working on a project and need to know the irradiance hitting a steel sheet some distance away from a halogen lamp. The setup looks like:
The problem is we can only measure the lux at the surface of the steel sheet, and I believe in order to convert lux to irradiance...
Hmm I think I may have to post the question in full. My original post is just a small part of a bigger question (about Gauge transformations) so I am probably going about it wrong.
Homework Statement
I need to find Λ using the equation below (I think).
Homework Equations
A [/B]+ ∇Λ = 0
where A(x,y,z,t) = B\begin{pmatrix} x+y\\ x-y\\ 0 \end{pmatrix}
The Attempt at a Solution
Is this at all possible?
For those who might read this in future, my lecturer came back to me with a few things more that should be said:
Gluons are massless, leading to a long-range force. They couple to colour (carried by quarks) and also carry composite colour, so can interact with each other, which leads to...
Hi all - in the question below I could do with some help on the "..explanation for the relative strengths..." bit, as I can't think of anything to say.
1. Homework Statement
Compare and contrast the properties of the strong and weak interactions. Include in your account an explanation for the...
Homework Statement
Calculate the wavelength of the n = 4 → 3 transition in 4He+ to an accuracy of 4 significant figures. (R∞=109 737 cm-1.) (Fine structure effects can be neglected.)
Homework Equations
\frac{1}{λ} = \frac{m}{m_e} R_∞ (\frac{1}{n_1^2} - \frac{1}{n_2^2})
where λ is wavelength...
I will create a new thread with proper formatting, and pose the question as a whole - so could you delete this thread please?
Edit: properly formatted thread at https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/calculate-the-wavelength-of-the-n-4-3-transition-in-he.791525/
Hi Orodruin
I'll give you the full question to give a better understanding-
Calculate the wavelength of the n = 4 → 3 transition in 4He+ to an accuracy of 4 significant figures. (R∞=109 737 cm-1.) (Fine structure effects can be neglected.)
Now the equation that I'd use for this is...
I know it's probably simple but I just don't understand reduced mass.
I am trying to work out the reduced mass of 4He+.
m = memN / me + mN
Can somebody please just explain step by step what I do. This is only a segment of a 1 mark question and I'm getting my knickers in a frustratingly twisty...
Edit: well this is frustrating, not sure why the itex things aren't working..
Edit2: I've attached a picture of the question at the bottom as well.
Homework Statement
The cohesive energy of a solid noble gas may be written as
(See picture below)
Derive an expression for the...
Homework Statement
Calculate the entropy change of an ice cube of mass 10g, at an initial temperature of -5°C, when it completely melts.
cice = 2.1 kJkg-1K-1
Lice-water = 3.34x105 Jkg-1
Homework Equations
dQ = mcdT
dS = \frac{dQ}{T}
ΔS = \frac{Q}{T}
Q = mL
The Attempt at a...
I've had a look all round but can't seem to find anything that helps, unless I'm missing something obvious. I've played around with a few applets as well. The things I found focused on the first equation, and the questions would often be "find the #th maxima" with slit width etc given.
The 90...
From the second equation it looks like as the slit width increases the angle between maxima will decrease. Am I able to set the two equations equal to each other? If so as slit width approaches slit separation the diffraction order will go to 1.
Thanks for the reply btw.
Hi all, exams soon and I'm stressing out over this small question. If anyone could guide me through, explaining why you're doing what you're doing that'd be beyond great. I posted this in the introductory thread but with no replies thought I should move it here (unsure of how to delete the other...
Hi all, exams soon and I'm stressing out over this small question. If anyone could guide me through, explaining why you're doing what you're doing that'd be beyond great.
Homework Statement
Light of wavelength λ is incident normally on a screen with a large array of slits having
equal widths...
Hi all
Homework Statement
The Debye temperature of argon is 92 K and that of silicon is 345 K. Rank the following in order of thermal conductivity (largest value first):
(i) A 1 cm3 cube of silicon at 6 K
(ii) A 512 mm3 cube of silicon at 2 K
(iii) A 1 mm3 cube of argon at 4 K
(iv)...
Homework Statement
For a box containing 1m^{3} of nitrogen at S.T.P., estimate the number of microstates which make up the equilibrium macrostate.
Homework Equations
S = Nk_{b}(ln\frac{V}{N} + \frac{5}{2} + \frac{3}{2}ln\frac{2πmk_{b}T}{h^{2}})
where the entropy of a volume, V ...
Thanks but I have probably just messed up somewhere, as I don't think it will be that much hassle.
https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?p=4716123#post4716123
This question is really wearing me out, any ideas?
Homework Statement
How many times must I throw a fair dice in order to make the probability of getting at least one ‘6’ greater than 90%?
With this many throws, what is the probability of getting three ‘6’s?
It's the first part I'm...
Hi all sorry the title couldn't be more descriptive.
I'm having a bit of a brain block with this equation (it's the very end of a problem).
N(\frac{5}{6})^{N-1} > \frac{27}{5}
My line of thought was to get the first N in terms of the power N-1..
How do I find N?
Ok think I've got the relevant equation for a) and b) now.
For any future readers:
P(n) = \frac{1 - exp(-\frac{ħw}{kT})}{exp(\frac{nħw}{kT})}
where n is the number of photons in the mode.
Homework Statement
A cavity contains black body radiation at temperature T = 500 K. Consider an optical mode in the cavity with frequency ω=2.5x10^{13} Hz. Calculate
a) the probability of finding 0 photons in the mode
b) the probability of finding 1 photon in the mode
c) the mean number...