I see why you were puzzled.
Could you elaborate? Does this assume that each electron exists in a definite energy rather than a superposition of different Bloch waves?
Forget the models. I mentioned the infinite square well model as an example of a model where electrons are delocalized, but that doesn't mean I'm wedded to it. I used it to show people my basis for believing that electrons were spread across the solid. For that purpose, I assumed the ISW model...
Thank you, I think you've provided the best answer so far. I'll look into what you said to Manchot about the relationship between quantum mechanics and the Boltzmann equation.
Ditto.
Perhaps it would be clearer if I asked a couple of related questions:
How can we reconcile the image of...
You're arguing that for bulk solids, it physically doesn't matter whether you choose the infinite square well's sine waves or the free particle models's complex exponentials, but that using the latter is much simpler to deal with. I'll concede that, though only the ISW has a non-zero fermi...
It does make sense that the liquid would cause more stress on the middle of the cup's bottom than at a point near the rim, even if the force is the same in both places. The stresses should be radially symmetric while in either position. I'm guessing, though, that the bottom probably contorts to...
Thank you, everyone. I didn't expect to go to physicsforums and find a month-old thread of mine with 15 replies.
I don't doubt that an infinite square well is a bad approximation for a solid, missing behaviors such as band gaps and such, but it seems like a good way to discuss whether...
I think you have to use quantum mechanics to get a rigorous reason for not getting a contribution for rotations about the axis of a diatomic molecule. Classically, even a diatomic molecule with a very small (non-zero) moment of inertia about its axis would contribute the same amount to the...
I feel like I'm missing information. What's "2V" referring to? Is there a power source in this circuit? Do we charge the capacitor, then add it to the circuit after it's charged?
You are saying a force on a mass exists if and only if there is an acceleration (in your terms, if "it opposes the motion"). This is Newton's First Law.
It doesn't make sense to "apply a force on a force". Instead, we should say "apply a force to an object causing that force". As Pengwuino said...
Let's start with an easier example: one resistor and one battery connected to the circuit by a switch. We turn on the switch. Now, we learn in class that there is a voltage increase across the battery and a voltage decrease across the circuit, and that in general, when you sum the voltage...
Here's what happens when you rub two objects together:
1. You add kinetic energy to the object by rubbing the objects together, striking them together, etc. The atoms in the object gain kinetic energy. Soon enough this internal kinetic energy reaches thermal equilibrium. If you dropped the...
When you rub two objects together and generate heat from the friction, the energy comes from you, and is transformed into vibrational/heat energy in the object. You can't cool an object by rubbing it. Is this what you meant?
"More energetic particles" means "particles with a higher momentum". It's similar to things orbiting around the sun. If an object has a velocity that's too high, it'll leave the solar system and never return, but if the velocity's not too high, it'll just orbit around the sun in an ellipse, or...
I'll contribute a few comments:
1. What happens if Black controls light and someone else is trying to control it in some other way?
2. Wouldn't denying light make you invisible?
3. I'd think you need to create consistent, detailed rules as to how "denying" things works.
The classical world could in principle be 100% predictable, but the real world involves quantum uncertainty as well, so, no, the underlying reality isn't completely deterministic. If we didn't know about quantum mechanics, I supposed it'd be reasonable to stop short of saying the world is...
I don't think it's true. For electric fields, lines of force originate with positive charges and end at negative charges, unless they begin or end at infinity when the net charge of the system is non-zero. You could pick a location near the charges, where a test charge would experience a very...
There are three worlds we're talking about:
1. the classical world,
2. the quantum world, and
3. reality.
Both #1 and #2 are mathematical models for #3. You seem to be criticizing scientists for saying that #1 is perfectly deterministic, but #1 is a mathematical model, so it should be...
That's a good question. Here's my educated guess of the answer:
Let me make sure I understand your question. You're talking about a single particle approaching a wall with two slits, where some of its wavefunction passes through both slits and reaches the back wall and produces an...
I think chaos is defined by what happens to differences in initial conditions over time. In nonchaotic systems, nearby points tend to reach a common destination and the error decreases with time, while with a chaotic system, nearby points often reach different destinations, and the error...
Let's say the signal we want to transmit is s(t). AM modulation is the following:
s(t) A \sin(\omega t)
Here \sin(\omega t) is the carrier signal, \omega is its angular frequency, A is a constant, and t is time.
FM modulation is the following:
A \sin(B s(t) t)
B is a constant, and the...
You can have a particle have a probability of being in two places at once, but if you measure the particle with 100% accuracy, then you'll find that the particle is either in one location or another. To be more precise, a particle has a wavefunction which gives the probability that it will be in...
You need to give us a lot more information before we can tell what you're asking for. Where did you hear about "modulation"? Is it in reference to "amplitude modulation" or "frequency modulation", both of which describe ways information is encoded in radio waves?
I'm confused. You seem to be assuming that the electric field is applied equally to all portions of the wire loop, where I'm saying that it's applied only to a small portion of the wire. I was thinking of a battery, which a potential difference within its region and doesn't directly exert an...
Maybe I should've used a better word than "nudge". I did not mean to imply that electrons bounce into each other like billiard balls, or line up behind each other one-by-one, but rather that:
when you apply an electric field to a small portion of a wire loop, the electrons will move in the...
I'm not quite sure what you mean, but I think you're talking about atoms and molecules in a solid, especially a crystal, which is a solid where the atoms or molecules are stacked in a regular order. Now, even if the magnetic moments of each atom are oriented randomly at a certain time, over time...
What happens is that the current through the resistor would be high enough to heat it up hot enough to cause a fire. The flow of electrons is responsible for the heating up, but not the burning. Now, when electrons flow in a solid, they replace other electrons, so that almost all of the...
For a substance to be a liquid, its atoms or molecules have to be able to move around each other with ease. The more you compress atoms, the less room they have to move.
Let's say we use a very simple model consisting of non-interacting electrons in a 3D infinite square well, perhaps a cube of a single metal crystal. If an electron is in a particular energy state, then its wavefunction is spread across the entire crystal.
However, electrons are said to...
I think many grad programs would be satisfied with less than a 3.5 GPA. I got accepted to four colleges with a 3.45 GPA. I don't know if these colleges are "strong" by your definition (the most reputable was probably SUNY-Stony Brook).
I visited UCONN recently (I, too, got accepted to UCONN, among other places). It seemed pretty good, though I can't compare it with any of the schools you listed. They seem to have a strong AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical physics) group, and when I toured the AMO labs I saw work done on BEC...
The question is at what radius r will the gravitational forces of the Earth and the Moon be equal. Do you know the formula for the gravitational force between two objects?
The object will always be affected by both the Earth and the Moon's gravity. The question is which force is larger.
You weren't too clear on what the question states, so I'll just mention that the potential energy is the same for any x, if we have the same y. Also, when a ball rolls to the top of a hill or something, its kinetic energy must be zero because, for a brief moment, it isn't moving.
This problem seems a little bit ambiguous. Do you need the equation of the boat's motion before it stops, as it's stopping, or for both? Is this a freshman-level physics problem, or intermediate (where you deal with differential equations)?