This question is somewhat relating to electronics but I think it fits better with physics.
The leccture here (slide 13) shows that the gate to body capacitance (Cgb) in linear region is 0. However, there is no explanation at all.
I tried to find the explanation from the reference book and got...
I am having a hard time understanding flat band voltage in MOS capacitor.
Please see the picture below about MOS capacitor.
Q0 is a fixed effective charge at the surface between oxide and semiconductor and it is positive here.
The voltage across the oxide caused by the fixed charge ψox =...
Thank you!
Could you explain about unrealistic phenomenon here?
Why is there a charge accumulation?
I don't see how is each side of equation 2.61 can be zero.
For the right hand side part, the total current always flows from p to n and in the left hand side the total current always flows from p...
I simulated the oscillator. If Vdd is step voltage then the oscillator oscillates but if Vdd is constant then it doesn't oscillate. Could you explain why?
Thanks for the detailed answer.
I have some problems understanding the oscillator. The first one relating to the boldfaced part above. I don't get what you meant here.
Second problem is that how can the oscillation start up? Two transistors are exactly the same, so which one will be ON first...
Thanks a lot!
I have one more question. Assume I have an ideal parallel LC and it is connected permanently with an ideal constant voltage source. Does the LC tank oscillate with a sinusoidal waveform? I am confused because it is connected with a constant voltage source?
Yes, I searched a lot but still feel confused. I am doing some integrals and really curious.
That makes sense.
Is there an direct explanation to this even philosophy?
A point has no dimension and a line, which has dimension, is made from points together. How does something without dimension create something with dimension? I can't really make any sense of it. Could you share your opinions?
Thank you, SteamKing and AlephZero.
SteamKing: I didn't express it clearly. My question is why in circuit analysis using Laplace (for example, the analysis given in the link), the author didn't consider about the existence of Laplace Transform and Inverse Laplace Transform before applying to...
Sorry for the link. I don't know why it doesn't work when I click in that link directly.
Could you go to the first result in Google below?
https://www.google.com.vn/#q=http:%2F%2Fpeople.seas.harvard.edu%2F~jones%2Fes154%2Flectures%2Flecture_0%2FLaplace%2Flaplace.html
Here is the pdf version...
Thank you.
For example, in the RLC circuit from this page below, how could you know that Laplace transform and its inverse transform exist before using them?
In that example, I see that the author used Laplace and inverse transforms without considering the conditions for these transforms to...
I usually see that Laplace transform is used a lot in circuit analysis. I am wondering why can we know for sure that the Laplace and its inverse transform always exists in these cases.
Thank you.
iB1: holes in Base move from Base to Emitter
This is same as electrons from emitter, recombining with holes in Base to become valance electrons and they continue move to B.
iB2: electrons from emitters recombining with holes in Base and continue move to B
I don't see any difference. Please help.
I would like to ask some more questions.
In pure semiconductor, thermal energy will create electron-hole pairs all the time. If there is not recombination ( I mean electrons go from conduction band to valance band) then the current will continue forever and the pure semiconductor will become a...
I am reading about Boost-Flyback converter and this is a bit confusing.
Could you explain the role of D1 and C1 here?
The lecture says that "D1 and C1deliver to the output the energy stored in the transformer leakage inductance Ld." I can't understand what is meant here.
And could you explain...
I am confused about shared contacted diffusion in CMOS layout.
Is it possible to use shared contacted diffusion for two nMOS transistors with different widths?
BTW, two nMOS and pMOS transistors are never shared contacted diffusion, right?
Thanks. I see no difference in functioning between my solution and the key in the book.
I also can derive the circuit given in the solution.
However, I can't figure out why the author used the key solution not the one I get above.
Hi.
I understand all possible conditions. I didn't draw Y1, Y2, Y3 because they are same in terms of implementation.
My confusion about Y0.
I am wondering why the author used that solution not mine.
I meant the books teaching how to design SMPS using CMOS technology.
I think something similar to this one:
http://www.vrg.utoronto.ca/~ngwt/Publications/POWER%20ELECTRONICS%20-%20International%20Symposium/Integrated%20Power%20Stages.pdf
Thank you.
I have the first book while reading your post a long time ago. I understood more about inductors and capacitors.
However, it doesn't use CMOS in SMPS.
About LDO, I wanted to get advice from experts first.
Hi,
At present, I am learning about Switched-mode power supply and Low drop out regulator using CMOS.
Could anyone suggest some good books about this?
The main problem here is "using CMOS".
Thanks.
Thank you. I thought I figured it out.
My confusion was from why the left diagram is equal to the right one in Figure 2.4. I was told that node a2 doesn't depend on the input bs and therefore to change from left diagram to the right one all I need is to calculate b2 as a function of bs.
Hi, this is part of an application note entitled "Low-Noise Amplifier Stability Concept to Practical Considerations" from Maxim.
Could you help me with the question in the picture? Thanks.
Source: http://www.maximintegrated.com/app-notes/index.mvp/id/1849...
No, I am designing a LNA not a homework.
I read some books and papers saying that NFmin in two cases are equal. However, I would like to understand clearly why and read a decent proof.
Do you have ideal how to prove that?
Thanks.
Hi,
In Spice, the capacitance between two points x, y is defined as follows:
Cxy = - dQx / dVy for x != y
Cxx = dQx/dVx
Could anyone help me explain why it is defined like that?
I know that C = dQ/dV but the formula above seems strange to me.
Is my understanding below correct?
Cxy =...
Hi,
This is not a homework question. I need to calculate input impedance for a LNA and this is part of it.
How do you calculate input impedance, Zin, for the circuit below?
I tried by applying an input voltage, V1, and calculate Iin.
Input impedance will be V1/Iin. However, the expression...
Hi,
This is not a homework, just a problem that I can't figure out. Please help.
Assuming that I have a low pass filter with cutting frequency, fc and a signal with many different frequencies (with some below fc and some above fc) is applied to the input of the filter. As we know, the...
I don't understand why the waveform in all wavelength are all sinusoidal. What shape of wave in space if the signal generated at transmitter is not sinusoidal? And then how we can definition wavelength in this case?
Thank you, I wanted to know that to confirm my understanding about how wave propagating in space. For example,
there is a sinusoidal voltage source at transmitter and speed of propagation for the wave is v (m/s), the direction in which the wave moves is z.
Say, at t=0, the voltage at the source...
Hi,
I want to ask one question about wavelength. Here is a picture defining wavelength.
To get a sinusoidal wave in space, we have to use a sinusoidal voltage source at transmitter, right?
I mean if there is a sinusoidal voltage source at the transmitter to create a sinusoidal wave in space.
Hi,
I want to ask your help about energy.
Why can't energy change abruptly?
If energy E changes abruptly then power P = dE/dt = ∞. I would like to know why this is impossible?
I know that energy has to be conserved and they can only change from one form to the other. But why this process...