I am really stuck at this question.
I tried to get the equation of volume with independent variables P and T, but the equation itself does not give a nice form, and thus I cannot get the derivative of V with respect to P. What should I do?
I completely have no idea what time-reversal mean.
Why does, by substituting -t into an equation and if the result is the same as the original equation, then the equation is said to be time-reversal symmetry?
Also, what does that 'symmetry' mean there? An even function?
Thermodynamics question:
Why does the internal energy have a lower bound?
I tried to explain it using postulates, but cannot get the connection between the postulates. Please do explain it briefly. Thank you.
In what condition(s) curl of electric displacement is zero?
Is it okay to say curl of electric displacement is zero in:
1) in electrostatics (curl of E is zero)
then followed by the following conditions:
2) when there is no polarization (curl of P is zero)
3) in uniform polarization (which...
if you pull a loop of wire (to the right) with velocity v and charge is moving perpendicular to your motion (upright) with velocity u, so which velocity does the magnetic force refer to? the loop of wire is immersed in an uniform magnetic field (toward the page)
Not a homework question! I am doing exercises for upcoming final exam.
So, I get stuck at question 5.27 (Griffith 4th edition textbook).
Question:
Find the vector potential above and below an infinite uniform surface current with constant current sheet, K flowing at positive x direction.
I...
What exactly are surface bound charge and body bound charge?
Is there any difference between:
1) surface bound charge and surface charge
2) body bound charge and body charge
How do we know if surface and body bound charge exist?
Does polarized material always have surface and/or body bound...
thank you!
I have another question.
Prof taught us one row represents one electron, so each electron is represented in a row in Slater Determinant. But when I googled it, some represents one electron in one column (not in one row!). Mathematically, it seems to be not wrong (since I didn't do...
I am really really really confused how to read and construct Slater determinants :(
Can someone please explain it using He at the ground state (1s2) and He at excited state (1s12s1) ?
Thank you for your reply!
So, anti-Stokes has lower peaks than Stokes because its initial state is an excited state where the population of electrons at excited state is lower than the ground state? Does it make sense?
Hmm, so, if Planck constant is zero means that there is no uncertainty in both momentum and position, right? Does it mean if either one of momentum or position can be known exactly, therefore the other one is not known exactly?
What is the effect in quantum if Planck constant is zero?
Here are some points that I could think of:
if Planck constant is zero, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principles will become zero, therefore either momentum or position of a particle can be known exactly.
if Planck constant is zero, both...
For particle in a box with the finite depth, is it traveling wave? or standing wave?
I am confused with its ability to pass through the potential walls that is classically forbidden area which makes me think it is traveling wave. But for particle in a box with infinite potential, I understand...
For particle in the box wave function, it is the eigenfunction of kinetic energy operator but not the eigenfunction of momentum operator. So, do these two operators commute? (or it has nothing to do with commutator stuff?)
How about for free particle? For free particle, the wave function is...
My textbook says "The lower the gas pressure, the higher the mean-free-path".
But it does not explain why.
Can someone please explain it briefly? Thank you very much.
Thank you very much for your reply!
I still want to make sure one more thing here.
So, θ is the angle between these two unit vectors? or angle 180 degree subtract with the angle between unit vectors?
It is NOT a homework question. I am doing my revision and get stuck at this question.
I am confused with the angle θ shown in this link:
http://www.physicspages.com/2013/10/06/mutual-inductance/
Professor who wrote this solution stated that θ is the angle between unit vector z and unit vector...
I understand that EMF is generated by moving a closed loop of wire through a constant magnetic field. I am confused about one thing, who is actually doing work here? (of course it is not magnetic field).
thank you very much for the reply!
As what you have explained, magnetic vector potential is not uniquely determined since there are an infinite number of equivalent vector potential A, for magnetic field B. But does it mean B also not uniquely determined since we could choose any scalar field of A?
I able to prove magnetic field is uniquely determined but I am confused how to prove that magnetic vector potential is also unique.
Can I say that magnetic vector potential is uniquely determined since magnetic field has unique solution?
Thanks.
Place your circular Amperian loop outside the toroid.
By definition, Ampere's Law states that integration of magnetic field over an amperian loop is equivalent to constant μ multiplied by current enclosed.
Now, look from the top view. You will observe that current that flows at outer...
**Not a homework question.
In my professor note, it says that:
"If a material causes magnetic field (in parallel direction to the surface charge) below a boundary is not the same as the boundary (in parallel direction to the surface charge) above the boundary, then a surface current is...
Homework Statement
Two molecules of OCS (atomic weigh of S is 32 amu and the other one is 34 amu) have values of h/8π2I of 6081.490E6 [1/s] and 5932.816E6 [1/s], respectively. Calculate the C-O and C-S bond distance. (Note that I is moment of inertia)
Homework Equations
h/8π2I
The Attempt at...