What is High pass filter: Definition and 30 Discussions
A high-pass filter (HPF) is an electronic filter that passes signals with a frequency higher than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies lower than the cutoff frequency. The amount of attenuation for each frequency depends on the filter design. A high-pass filter is usually modeled as a linear time-invariant system. It is sometimes called a low-cut filter or bass-cut filter in the context of audio engineering. High-pass filters have many uses, such as blocking DC from circuitry sensitive to non-zero average voltages or radio frequency devices. They can also be used in conjunction with a low-pass filter to produce a bandpass filter.
In the optical domain, high-pass and low-pass are often characterized by wavelength instead of frequency, with a "high-pass" filter (or "short-pass") passing only shorter wavelengths (higher frequencies), and vice versa for "low-pass" (or "long-pass").
A few days ago, I learned to make an AC to DC converter. One question is troubling my mind. How does a High Pass Filter Capacitor work? Going through some websites I got a sketchy idea.
As the current after passing through the bridge rectifier comes to capacitor, the capacitor starts charging...
Hello,
I am simulating the input impedance of a high-pass filter with the output voltage of the filter input to the non-inverting pin of an op amp. I'm confused as to why the input impedance can possibly dip below the resistance of the high-pass filter resistor. Please see the following circuit...
Homework Statement
[/B]
The filters of FIGURE 4(a) to (c) where designed using a commercial software package (http://focus.ti.com/docs/toolsw/folders/print/filterpro.html)
Write a report (of approximately 750 words) that discusses and compares the design of each filter in terms of their...
HI,
i have a first order controller (ts/ks+k) which contain some oscillations and its settling time is very huge, i wanted the controller to have settling time of 10seconds and remove the oscillations. in order to remove the noise and get the expected settling time i added a filter ( s/cs+1)...
Homework Statement
Write a report (of approximately 750 words) that discusses and compares
the design of each filter in terms of their performance, circuit topology,
application and any other relevant characteristics. You may for example
attempt to relate the choice of component values to the...
Hi,
as I am in need of Low- and Highpass filters i would like to simulate my circuit using LT-Spice.
I hope that i can get optimal caps and coils values like that.
So i simply started to build my pi-network lowpass filter in LT-Spice and got the simulation results (please check the picture in...
Good day all,
I have a question:
I built a passive high pass filter in an experiment using a hand wound inductor (toriod) and a resistor. The filter worked great as a high pass at frequencys ranging from 100 Hz - 1,000,000 Hz (rolling off around 10,000 Hz). After creating a bode plot, I...
Hello.
Please see the attached image first.
1. The textbook seems say resistor to + input in this image is necessary to provide a return path to ground. I completely don't understand even what it mean. Could you help me to clarify this?
2. Instead of understanding directly what the book said...
Homework Statement
Converting a 50kHz high pass filter to a 5.3kHz high pass filter.
The circuit:
Homework Equations
Working out the Capacitance, C, and Resistance, R, of the circuit in order to work out the cut-off frequency, Cf, using:
Cf = 1/(2*pi*R*C)[/B]
The Attempt at a Solution...
Hey guys,
I am learning about the filter shapes deduced from the poles and zero plots, however a lot of sources are describing it differently with no logical explanation. I want to know what exactly the poles and zeros do between the range Ω = 0 and Ω = π. One source i read explains if the pole...
Homework Statement
I am doing a project on the Elenco AM/FM superheterodyne radio kit. I have been stuck for ages trying to figure out how the two common emitter amplifiers are tuned to filter out anything that is not around 455 kHz. I tried to find a bandpass filter, or a high-pass and a...
1. Homework Statement
''A machineoutputs a 4kHz sine wave signal of amplitude 2 volts peak, plus a 100Hz interference component of amplitude 1 V peak''
Given equation: Vout/Vin = 1/((1+(f0/f^2))^0.5 phase lead = inverse tan (f0/f)
f0 = 1/(2*pi*R*C)I'm given a 4 kilo-ohm resistor and need to...
Got excel spreadsheet.
in my excel worksheet "4" i plot bode plot for low and high pass.
Our lab experiement aim was measure two set of data and identify which one is low pass and which one is highpass filter.
But as soon as I am trying to put lograitham graph it is not allow me ?
I...
what is the unit step response of a high pass RC filter ?
I want to calculate using transfer function approach.
My solution :
Y(s)/X(s) = RCs/(1+sRC)
X(s)=1/s
Y(s)=RC/(1+sRC)
taking inverse laplace transform we should get
y(t)=exp(-t/RC)
But if we consider Y(s)=RC/(1+sRC)
RCsY(s)...
"The simplest high pass filter is a capacitor in resistor in series, where the voltage across the capacitor is used as output." Quote wikipedia
The picture of this simple high pass filter is found at: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/High_pass_filter.svg.
I wonna get some...
Homework Statement
A 1kHz square wave with an amplitude of 2V (peak to peak) is applied at the input V-in of the circuit shown. The resistor R1 = R2 = 10 kΩ, and C = 0.02 μF.
a) What is the effective time constant of this circuit?
b) What is the minimum and maximum voltage reached at...
I'm having a hard time visualizing what happens on the plates of the capacitor in series with a resistor in a high pass filter circuit. When the input to the capacitor is high, assuming a sine wave (say +5V) what happens on the opposite plate of the capacitor (Vout)? Should the output follow the...
I built a clock generator using a 555 and I fed the output to a high pass filter. It works for the most part, BUT the input voltage ranges from 0 to 5V while the output is -5 to 0 V. I can't figure out why this is happening. I'm new to EE, so bear with me.
You have a series circuit consisting of a ac power supply, a 1150.0 ohm resistor and a 144.0 nF capacitor. If the circuit is configured as a low pass filter, what frequency will cause the gain to be 0.25?
Formula
Gain = Vout / Vin = R / [R^2 + (1/ωC)^2]^1/2Solution
Plugging in R=1150 ohms...
Hi, I have trouble understanding how to achieve this transformation
Suppose for example that we have a low pass filter which impulse response is the following
h(n) = 1 for 0<=n<=2 where n is an integer
In the frequency domain we would have the following frequency response:
H(e^{j\omega}) =...
Homework Statement
If the input voltage is given by Vin = Vin peak cos ωt, then the output voltage is
Vout = VH*cos(ωt - δ) where VH = Vin peak/(1 + (ωRC)^(−2)) (Assume that the output is connected to a load that draws only an insignificant amount of current.)
Find an expression...
Homework Statement
See Explanation below for details of my confusion.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Hello all,
I've derived a transfer function, T(s) = \frac{\frac{-R_{2}}{R_{1}}}{1 + \frac{1}{sCR_{1}}}, but I can't seem to derive the corner frequency...
Hey everyone I have recently started a circuits class, and am enjoying it. However, the high pass filters have slightly confusing me.
I recently set up a circuit that was straight from a wall socket meaning that it has a frequency of ~ 60 Hz. My high-pass filter should filter out all of the...
Hi everyone,
here is the problem:
I am trying to reproduce a human finger while pressing a keyboard.
I am using a shaker and a fingertip made of foam rubber. To measure the force history, a force gage make a link between the fingertip and the shaker.
The fact is the curve has an offset and...
Homework Statement
For circuit B on page 2, find:
a) the time domain response v0 for a unit step input
b) input/output transfer function T(s) = v0/v_in
c) plot v0 vs. time
d) plot sinusoidal steady state vs. frequency: the magnitude in dB and phase in degrees of T(s)
Homework...
Homework Statement
Given a simple RC high pass filter, I need to find the value of C that will give the output as shown on a scope capture.
Input Voltage: 2.5 + 10.01cos(\omega t) (10.01V wave shifted up 2.5V)
Output Voltage: 3.46cos(\omega t - 60^\circ)
R = 5k
\omega = 2\pi 100...
Hello All,
I have been doing some experiments where I need to make a very short pulse to switch on and off a MOSFET I am using (IRF840) but all I have as a pulse source is a small function generator which outputs square waves fixed at 50% duty cycle.
So I had an idea to use a simple high...
Homework Statement
I was asked to desing a RC passive high pass fiilter with a cutoff of 3KhZ.
Homework Equations
The formula for Fc = 1/(2piRC)
The Attempt at a Solution
I set 3kHz = (1/(2piRC)) but am not sure what to do next. Do I pick a random cap or resistor value and...